Mars - Viking 2 Lander

Panorama of rocks and silt in Utopia Planitia on Mars

This panoramic image of Utopia Planitia was taken on 5 September 1976, two days after Viking 2 landed. The panorama covers 85 degrees, from north at the left to east at right. The picture was taken in the afternoon, the Sun is illuminating the rock at right from the west and shadows can be seen to the left. Many different types of blocks litter the surface, a porous rock about 1/2 meter across is seen at far left, a large block about a meter across in the lower center of the frame, and a rounded bright rock just under a half meter across to the right. Deposits of fine silt can be seen between the rocks. The apparent tilt of the horizon is due to the fact that the spacecraft is resting at an 8 degree angle. (Viking 2 Lander, P-17688)
Larger image (112K)

High resolution tiff file (1.0M)

Location & Time Information
Date/Time (UT): 1976-09-05
Distance/Range (km): .001
Central Latitude/Longitude (deg): +44.57, 225.74
Orbit(s): lander

Imaging Information
Area or Feature Type: lander image, surface, rock
Instrument: Viking lander camera A
Instrument Resolution (pixels): 512 (vertical), 6 bit
Instrument Field of View (deg): 100 x 0.12 (single scan), 100 x 342.5 (max.)
Filter: clear
Illumination Incidence Angle (deg): N/A
Phase Angle (deg): N/A
Instrument Look Direction: N/A
Surface Emission Angle (deg): N/A

Ordering Information
CD-ROM Volume: N/A
NASA Image ID number: P-17688
Other Image ID number: 22A011/001
NSSDC Data Set ID (Photo): 75-083C-06F
NSSDC Data Set ID (CD): N/A
Other ID: N/A


[NASA Logo] Authors/Curators:

Dave Williams,, (301) 286-1258
Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

Jay Friedlander,, (301) 286-7172
Code 612.4, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

NASA Official: Ed Grayzeck,

Last updated: 24 September 2015