Chronology of Venus Exploration


Mission Timeline


| 1961
|-- Sputnik 7 - 4 February 1961 - Attempted Venus Impact
|-- Venera 1 - 12 February 1961 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
| 1962
|-- Mariner 1 - 22 July 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
|-- Sputnik 19 - 25 August 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby
|-- Mariner 2 - 27 August 1962 - Venus Flyby
|-- Sputnik 20 - 1 September 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby
|-- Sputnik 21 - 12 September 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby
| 1963
|-- Cosmos 21 - 11 November 1963 - Attempted Venera Test Flight?
| 1964
|-- Venera 1964A - 19 February 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
|-- Venera 1964B - 1 March 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
|-- Cosmos 27 - 27 March 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby
|-- Zond 1 - 2 April 1964 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
| 1965
|-- Venera 2 - 12 November 1965 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
|-- Venera 3 - 16 November 1965 - Venus Lander (Contact Lost)
|-- Cosmos 96 - 23 November 1965 - Attempted Venus Lander?
|-- Venera 1965A - 23 November 1965 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
| 1966
| 1967
|-- Venera 4 - 12 June 1967 - Venus Probe
|-- Mariner 5 - 14 June 1967 - Venus Flyby
|-- Cosmos 167 - 17 June 1967 - Attempted Venus Probe
| 1968
| 1969
|-- Venera 5 - 5 January 1969 - Venus Probe
|-- Venera 6 - 10 January 1969 - Venus Probe
| 1970
|-- Venera 7 - 17 August 1970 - Venus Lander
|-- Cosmos 359 - 22 August 1970 - Attempted Venus Probe
| 1971
| 1972
|-- Venera 8 - 27 March 1972 - Venus Probe
|-- Cosmos 482 - 31 March 1972 - Attempted Venus Probe
| 1973
|-- Mariner 10 - 4 November 1973 - Venus/Mercury Flybys
| 1974
| 1975
|-- Venera 9 - 8 June 1975 - Venus Orbiter and Lander
|-- Venera 10 - 14 June 1975 - Venus Orbiter and Lander
| 1976
| 1977
| 1978
|-- Pioneer Venus 1 - 20 May 1978 - Venus Orbiter
|-- Pioneer Venus 2 - 8 August 1978 - Venus Probes
|-- Venera 11 - 9 September 1978 - Venus Flyby Bus and Lander
|-- Venera 12 - 14 September 1978 - Venus Flyby Bus and Lander
| 1979
| 1980
| 1981
|-- Venera 13 - 30 October 1981 - Venus Flyby Bus and Lander
|-- Venera 14 - 4 November 1981 - Venus Flyby Bus and Lander
| 1982
| 1983
|-- Venera 15 - 2 June 1983 - Venus Orbiter
|-- Venera 16 - 7 June 1983 - Venus Orbiter
| 1984
|-- Vega 1 - 15 December 1984 - Venus Lander and Balloon/Comet Halley Flyby
|-- Vega 2 - 21 December 1984 - Venus Lander and Balloon/Comet Halley Flyby
| 1985
| 1986
| 1987
| 1988
| 1989
|-- Magellan - 4 May 1989 - Venus Orbiter
|-- Galileo - 18 October 1989 - Jupiter Orbiter/Probe (Venus Flyby)
| 1990
| 1991
| 1992
| 1993
| 1994
| 1995
| 1996
| 1997
|-- Cassini - 15 October 1997 - Saturn Orbiter (Venus Flyby)
| 1998
| 1999
| 2000
| 2001
| 2002
| 2003
| 2004
|-- MESSENGER - 3 August 2004 - Mercury Orbiter (Two Venus Flybys)
| 2005
|-- Venus Express - 09 November 2005 - ESA Venus Orbiter
| 2006
|
2007
|
2008
|
2009
|
2010
|--
Akatsuki - 2010 - Attempted ISAS Venus Orbiter
| 2011
|
2012
|
2013
|--
BepiColombo - August 2009 - ESA Mercury Orbiters and Lander (possible Venus flybys)
| 2014
|


Other Missions

Search for Mission Information

To search for information on any mission, enter the spacecraft name in the box below.



Venus Home Page

Chronology of Lunar and Planetary Exploration


[NASA Logo]
Author/Curator:
Dr. David R. Williams, dave.williams@nasa.gov
NSSDC, Mail Code 690.1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771
+1-301-286-1258


NASA Official: Ed Grayzeck, edwin.j.grayzeck@nasa.gov
Last Updated: 29 June 2011, DRW