Asteroid Fact Sheet


Ceres

Information on Selected Asteroids


The image above is Ceres taken from the Dawn spacecraft. Below is a table of information on selected asteroids, and at the bottom of the page are comments on the asteroids. Orbit values for epoch JD 2457400.5 (2016-01-13). Most of the values for mass and many of the diameter values are only rough estimates.
   Asteroid           Diameter      ~Mass    Rotation    Orbital   Spectral   Semimajor     Orbital        Orbital       Number
Number and Name         (km)       1015 kg     Period     Period     Class       Axis      Eccentricity   Inclination    and Name
---------------       --------     -------   --------    -------   --------   ---------    ------------   -----------    -------- 
     1 Ceres      965 x 961 x 891  939,300   9.074 hrs   4.60 yrs      C       2.768 AU       0.0758       10.59 deg      1 Ceres
     2 Pallas     582 x 556 x 500  205,000   7.813 hrs   4.61 yrs      U       2.772 AU       0.2310       34.84 deg      2 Pallas
     3 Juno             234         20,000   7.210 hrs   4.36 yrs      S       2.670 AU       0.2563       12.99 deg      3 Juno
     4 Vesta      569 x 555 x 453  259,000   5.342 hrs   3.63 yrs      U       2.362 AU       0.0889        7.14 deg      4 Vesta 
    21 Lutetia    124 x 101 x 80     1,700   8.168 hrs   3.80 yrs      C       2.435 AU       0.1646        3.06 deg     21 Lutetia
    45 Eugenia          215          6,100   5.699 hrs   4.49 yrs     FC       2.721 AU       0.0835        6.60 deg     45 Eugenia
   140 Siwa             103          1,500  18.5   hrs   4.51 yrs      C       2.732 AU       0.2161        3.19 deg    140 Siwa
   216 Kleopatra     217 x 94                5.385 hrs   4.67 yrs      M       2.794 AU       0.2504       13.11 deg    216 Kleopatra
   243 Ida            58 x 23       100      4.633 hrs   4.84 yrs      S       2.861 AU       0.0412        1.13 deg    243 Ida
   253 Mathilde     66 x 48 x 46    103.3  417.7   hrs   4.31 yrs      C       2.647 AU       0.2655        6.74 deg    253 Mathilde                                  
   433 Eros         33 x 13 x 13      6.69   5.270 hrs   1.76 yrs      S       1.458 AU       0.2227       10.83 deg    433 Eros
   951 Gaspra       19 x 12 x 11     10      7.042 hrs   3.29 yrs      S       2.210 AU       0.1733        4.10 deg    951 Gaspra
  1566 Icarus           1.4         0.001    2.273 hrs   1.12 yrs      U       1.078 AU       0.8269       22.83 deg   1566 Icarus            
  1620 Geographos       2.0         0.004    5.222 hrs   1.39 yrs      S       1.245 AU       0.3354       13.34 deg   1620 Geographos 
  1862 Apollo           1.6         0.002    3.063 hrs   1.81 yrs      S       1.470 AU       0.5599        6.35 deg   1862 Apollo
  2060 Chiron           180          4,000   5.9   hrs   50.7 yrs      B      13.637 AU       0.3827        6.94 deg   2060 Chiron
  2530 Shipka                                            5.25 yrs              3.017 AU       0.1280       10.11 deg   2530 Shipka
  2703 Rodari                                5.5   hrs   3.25 yrs              2.194 AU       0.0566        6.03 deg   2703 Rodari
  2867 Steins      6.8 x 5.7 x 4.4           6.049 hrs   3.64 yrs      E       2.363 AU       0.1455        9.93 deg   2867 Steins
  3352 McAuliffe       2 - 5                             2.57 yrs              1.879 AU       0.3690        4.77 deg   3352 McAuliffe
  3840 Mimistrobell                                      3.38 yrs              2.250 AU       0.0827        3.92 deg   3840 Mimistrobell
  4179 Toutatis   4.6 x 2.4 x 1.9   0.05     130.  hrs   3.98 yrs      S       2.534 AU       0.6294        0.45 deg   4179 Toutatis
  4769 Castalia      1.8 x 0.8      0.0005   4.095 hrs   1.10 yrs              1.063 AU       0.4831        8.89 deg   4769 Castalia  
  4979 Otawara          5.5         0.2      2.707 hrs   3.19 yrs              2.168 AU       0.1441        0.91 deg   4979 Otawara
  5535 AnneFrank        4.8                  15.12 hrs   3.29 yrs      S       2.213 AU       0.0635        4.25 deg   5535 AnneFrank                        
  9969 Braille       2.2 x 1.0               226.4 hrs   3.58 yrs      B       2.341 AU       0.4333       29.00 deg   9969 Braille
 25143 Itokawa    0.5 x 0.3 x 0.2   0.000035 12.13 hrs   1.52 yrs      S       1.324 AU       0.2801        1.62 deg  25143 Itokawa
101955 Bennu           0.25         0.00014  4.288 hrs   1.20 yrs              1.126 AU       0.2037        6.03 deg 101955 Bennu

1 Ceres - The largest and first discovered asteroid, by G. Piazzi on January 1, 1801. Ceres comprises over one-third the 2.3 x 1021 kg estimated total mass of all the asteroids. Studied from orbit by the Dawn mission in 2015-2016.
2 Pallas - The 2nd largest asteroid and second asteroid discovered, by H. Olbers in 1802.
3 Juno - The 3rd asteroid discovered, by K. Harding in 1804.
4 Vesta - The 3rd largest asteroid, Vesta was studied from orbit by the Dawn mission in 2011 - 2012.
21 Lutetia - Main belt asteroid, object of Rosetta spacecraft flyby on 10 July 2010.
45 Eugenia - Believed to have a small satellite S/1998 (45) 1 in near circular 4.7 day orbit.
140 Siwa - Originally scheduled for July 2008 flyby by the Rosetta spacecraft. The mission has been rerouted.
216 Kleopatra - Imaged by Arecibo radar, shown to have unusual "dog-bone" shape.
243 Ida - Imaged by Galileo on 28 August 1993. These images showed a small satellite, subsequently named Dactyl, in orbit about Ida.
253 Mathilde - Target of NEAR mission flyby on 27 June 1997 en route to 433 Eros.
433 Eros - Near-Earth asteroid being studied from orbit by the NEAR mission, which flew by Eros in February 1999 and went into orbit in February 2000.
951 Gaspra - Imaged by Galileo on 29 Oct 1991.
1566 Icarus - Highly eccentric Earth-crossing orbit.
1620 Geographos - Scheduled to be visited by Clementine before a computer malfunction cut the mission short.
1862 Apollo - First discovered Earth-crossing asteroid.
2060 Chiron - Asteroid/Comet (95P/Chiron) in chaotic eccentric orbit near Saturn and Uranus. 14 February 1996 perihelion was the subject of the Chiron Perihelion Campaign.
2530 Shipka - Originally scheduled for October, 2008 flyby by the Rosetta spacecraft. The mission has been rerouted.
2703 Rodari - Originally scheduled for May, 2008 flyby by the Rosetta spacecraft. The mission has been rerouted.
2867 Steins - Main belt asteroid, object of Rosetta spacecraft flyby on 5 September 2008.
3352 McAuliffe - Amor (Mars-crossing) asteroid originally scheduled for 1999 flyby by the New Millenium Deep Space 1 spacecraft.
3840 Mimistrobell - Originally scheduled for September, 2006 flyby by the Rosetta spacecraft.
4179 Toutatis - Double object, probably in contact, one 2.5 km and one 1.5 km diameter (estimated), imaged by Arecibo and Goldstone radar. Object of Chang'e 2 flyby on 13 December 2012.
4660 Nereus - Near-Earth asteroid, target of proposed NEAP (Near Earth Asteroid Prospector) rendezvous.
4769 Castalia - Double-lobed near-Earth asteroid, each lobe about .75 km diameter. Imaged by Arecibo radar.
4979 Otawara - Originally scheduled for July 2006 flyby by the Rosetta spacecraft on its way to Comet P/Wirtanen. The mission has been rerouted.
5535 AnneFrank - Target of November 2002 flyby by the Stardust spacecraft on its way to Comet P/Wild 2.
9969 Braille - Near-Earth asteroid target of 28 July 1999 flyby by the Deep Space 1 spacecraft.
25143 Itokawa - (1998 SF36) Near-Earth asteroid target of 2005 orbit and 2007 sample return by the Hayabusa spacecraft.
101955 Bennu - (1999 RQ36) Near-Earth asteroid target of sample collection by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft in 2018.

New masses calculated for 3 largest asteroids - U.S. Naval Observatory press release, 7 January 1998


Notes on the Fact Sheets
Asteroid Home Page
Directory to other Planetary Fact Sheets

NASA
Author/Curator:
Dr. David R. Williams, dave.williams@nasa.gov
NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771
+1-301-286-1258


NASA Official: Ed Grayzeck, edwin.j.grayzeck@nasa.gov
Last Updated: 19 April 2016, DRW