Apollo Lunar Landings (1969 - 1972)

Apollo      Launch       Landing                                                    EVA time   Traverse    Sample  
mission      Date          Date         Landing Site       Latitude     Longitude   (hours)      (km)    Return (kg)
-------     ------       -------        ------------       ---------    ---------   --------   --------  -----------
  11     16 Jul 1969   20 Jul 1969  Mare Tranquillitatis    0.674 N      23.473 E     2.53       0.25       21.7  
  12     14 Nov 1969   19 Nov 1969  Oceanus Procellarum     3.014 S      23.419 W     7.75       1.35       34.4
  14     31 Jan 1971   05 Feb 1971       Fra Mauro          3.645 S      17.471 W     9.38       3.45       42.9
  15     26 Jul 1971   30 Jul 1971     Hadley Rille        26.132 N       3.634 E    19.13      27.9        76.8
  16     16 Apr 1972   20 Apr 1972       Descartes          8.973 S      15.499 E    20.23      27.         94.7
  17     07 Dec 1972   11 Dec 1972    Taurus-Littrow       20.188 N      30.775 E    22.07      35.        110.5

Coordinates of Apollo Sites

Site coordinates are based on the IAU Mean Earth Polar Axis 
coordinate system, from the transformed Defense Mapping 
Agency 603 (DMA/603) lunar cartographic control network as 
described in Davies et al., J. Geophys. Res., v. 92, 
pp. 14177-14184, 1987 and personal communication (1998).  
The Apollo 11, 12, and 14 landing site locations are 
estimated from the transformed DMA/603 network and the 
relative locations of the ALSEP's (Apollo Lunar Surface 
Experiments Packages) and LRRR's (lunar ranging 
retroreflectors) as given in the Apollo ALSEP Termination 
Report and Apollo Preliminary Science Reports.  The full 
locations used are given below:

                    degrees N     degrees E
                    latitude      longitude
Apollo 11
           LRRR     0.67337       23.47293
   Lunar Module	    0.67409       23.47298  
Apollo 12	      
          ALSEP    -3.01084      -23.42456      
   Lunar Module    -3.01381      -23.41930    
Apollo 14	      
           LRRR    -3.64422      -17.47880
          ALSEP	   -3.64450      -17.47753   
   Lunar Module    -3.64544      -17.47139   
Apollo 15	      
           LRRR    26.13333        3.62837
          ALSEP	   26.13407        3.62981     
   Lunar Module    26.13224        3.63400    
Apollo 16	      
          ALSEP    -8.97577       15.49649     
   Lunar Module    -8.97341       15.49859  
Apollo 17	      
          ALSEP	   20.18935       30.76796     
   Lunar Module    20.18809       30.77475  

Impact Sites of Apollo LM Ascent and SIVB Stages

                                                                                 Impact Velocity    Impact Energy    Angle from
   Object                Date           Time (UT)      Latitude      Longitude        (km/s)         (10^16 ergs)    Horizontal
Apollo 12 LM      20 November 1969     22:17:17.7       3.94 S        21.20 W          1.68              3.36            3.7
Apollo 13 SIVB       14 April 1970     01:09:41.0       2.75 S        27.86 W          2.58             46.3            76
Apollo 14 SIVB     4 February 1971     07:40:55.4       8.09 S        26.02 W          2.54             45.2            69  
Apollo 14 LM       8 February 1971     00:45:25.7       3.42 S        19.67 W          1.68              3.25            3.6  
Apollo 15 SIVB        29 July 1971     20:58:42.9       1.51 S        11.81 W          2.58             46.1            62  
Apollo 15 LM         4 August 1971     03:03:37.0      26.36 N         0.25 E          1.70              3.44            3.2  
Apollo 16 SIVB       19 April 1972     21:02:04*        1.3  N*       23.8  W*       2.5 - 2.6          45.9           ~79  
Apollo 17 SIVB    10 December 1972     20:32:42.3       4.21 S        12.31 W          2.55             47.1            55  
Apollo 17 LM      15 December 1972     06:50:20.8      19.96 N        30.50 E          1.67              3.15            4.9

Notes:

Impact times are Earth received times, approximately 1.3 seconds later than real time on the Moon.

Listed coordinates are derived from the Manned Space Flight Network tracking data referenced to a mean
spherical surface and may differ by several km from coordinates based on surface features.

The Apollo 11 SIVB was injected into heliocentric orbit, the Apollo 12 SIVB into Earth orbit.

The Apollo 11 and 16 LM's were jettisoned into (temporary) lunar orbits.
The Apollo 13 LM re-entered Earth's atmosphere on 17 April 1970.

* A malfunction resulted in premature loss of tracking data for the Apollo 16 SIVB.
Time, location, and impact energy are estimates based on interpretation of seismic data.  
Uncertainty in the Apollo 16 impact time is about 4 seconds.
Uncertainty in the Apollo 16 impact location is about 0.7 deg. latitude, 0.3 deg. longitude.
(The impact location estimated based on tracking prior to signal loss is 2.24 N, 24.49 W)
Most data from Toksoz et al., 1974


Current locations of the Apollo Command Module Capsules (and Lunar Module crash sites)

The Apollo Command Module Capsules are on display at various sites throughout the U.S. 
and the world.  The Apollo Lunar Modules were deliberately targeted to impact the Moon 
to provide artificial moonquake sources for seismic experiments.  The list below gives 
the locations of these displays and impacts.

Apollo 7

Command Module
National Museum of Science and Technology, Ottawa, Canada

Apollo 8

Command Module
Chicago Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois

Apollo 9

Command Module "Gumdrop"
Michigan Space and Science Center, Jackson, Michigan

Apollo 10

Command Module "Charlie Brown"
Science Museum, London, England

Lunar Module "Snoopy"
In heliocentric orbit

Apollo 11

Command Module "Columbia"
The National Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C.

Lunar Module "Eagle"
Jettisoned from the Command Module on 21 July 1969 at 23:41 UT (7:41 PM EDT)
Impact site unknown

Apollo 12

Command Module "Yankee Clipper"
Virginia Air and Space Center, Hampton, Virginia

Lunar Module "Intrepid"
Impacted Moon 20 November 1969 at 22:17:17.7 UT (5:17 PM EST)
3.94 S, 21.20 W

Apollo 13

Command Module "Odyssey"
Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center, Hutchinson, Kansas
(formerly at Musee de l'Air, Paris, France)

Lunar Module "Aquarius"
Burned up in Earth's atmosphere 17 April 1970

Apollo 14

Command Module "Kitty Hawk"
Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville, Florida
       
Lunar Module "Antares"
Impacted Moon 07 February 1971 at 00:45:25.7 UT (06 February, 7:45 PM EST)
3.42 S, 19.67 W

Apollo 15

Command Module "Endeavor"
USAF Museum, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio

Lunar Module "Falcon"
Impacted Moon 03 August 1971 at 03:03:37.0 UT (02 August, 11:03 PM EDT)
26.36 N, 0.25 E

Apollo 16

Command Module "Casper"
U.S. Space and Rocket Center, Huntsville, Alabama

Lunar Module "Orion"
Released 24 April 1972, 
loss of attitude control made targeted impact impossible.
Impact site unknown

Apollo 17

Command Module "America"
NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas

Lunar Module "Challenger"
Impacted Moon 15 December 1972 at 06:50:20.8 UT (1:50 AM EST)
19.96 N, 30.50 E

Apollo-Soyuz

Command Module
NASA Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida

Test Command Module
Museum of Flight, Seattle, Washington

Skylab 2 / Crew 1

Command Module
Naval Aviation Museum, Pensacola, Florida

Skylab 3 / Crew 2

Command Module
NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Skylab 4 / Crew 3

Command Module
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C.


[*] Landing Site References - the control network used and more precise coordinates for the landing, ALSEP, and LRRR sites
[*] Where Are They Now? - A guide to the current locations of the Apollo Command and Lunar Modules
[*] Impact Sites of the Apollo LM's and SIVB's
[*] Summary Table of Apollo Lunar Landings

[*] Return to Apollo home page
[*] Return to Lunar home page

[NASA Logo]
Author/Curator:
Dr. David R. Williams, dave.williams@nasa.gov
NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771
+1-301-286-1258


NASA Official: Ed Grayzeck, edwin.j.grayzeck@nasa.gov
Last Updated: 11 December 2003, DRW