Mars 2011 and beyond
Launch: 26 November 2011
A long duration rover (mobile scientific laboratory) equipped to perform many
scientific studies of Mars was launched in
November 2011. The primary scientific objectives of the mission are
to assess the biological potential of at least one target area, characterize
the local geology and geochemistry, investigate planetary processes relevant
to habitability, including the role of water, and to characterize the broad
spectrum of surface radiation. The mission is planned to last at least one
martian year (687 days).
More details on Mars Science Laboratory
Mars Science Laboratory Home Page
Diagram of Mars Science Laboratory
Investigations Chosen for Mars Science Laboratory
- 14 December 2004 NASA Press Release
Launch: 05 November 2013
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan (Hindi for "Mars Craft") is designed to study
Mars' surface features, morphology, mineralogy, and atmosphere. The spacecraft is equipped
with five scientific instruments (camera, thermal IR imaging spectrometer, methane sensor,
exospheric neutral composition analyzer, and Lyman-alpha photometer) and will nominally
spend 6-10 months orbiting and making measurements at Mars.
Mangalyaan Home Page (ISRO)
Launch: 18 November 2013
The Mars Atmospheric and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) is the second NASA Mars Scout mission.
It is designed to study the martian upper atmosphere and ionosphere from orbit to determine the
loss of volatile compounds to space and its role in the evolution of the atmosphere of Mars.
It will carry three instrument packages, a particles and fields package, a remote sensing package, and a
neutral gas and ion mass spectrometer.
MAVEN Home Page
Launch Period: March 2016
InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) is a NASA Discovery lander
designed to study Mars' deep interior. The lander will be equipped with two primary instruments:
the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) and the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3).
It will also use the communications system to precisely measure the planetary rotation, an effort called the
Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment (RISE). The landing is scheduled for September 2016, the mission is
planned to last until September 2018.
InSight Home Page
Future Mars Opportunities
In the future, NASA plans additional science orbiters,
rovers and landers, and potentially the first mission to return the most
promising Martian samples to Earth.
Technology development for advanced capabilities
such as miniaturized surface science instruments and deep drilling
to several hundred feet will also be carried out in this period.
NASA's First Scout Mission Selected for 2007 Launch - 4 August 2003 Press Release
NASA Selects Four Mars Scout Missions for Study - 6 December 2002 Press Release
Mars Scout Concepts Selected for Future Study - 13 June 2001 Press Release
Mars Exploration Program for Next Two Decades - 26 October 2000 Press Release
NASA Decides to send Two Rovers to Mars in 2003 - 10 August 2000 Press Release
Rover Option Chosen for Mars 2003 Mission - 27 July 2000 Press Release
Two Options Identified for Mars 2003 Mission - 12 May 2000 Press Release
Athena Home Page - Cornell
Mars Home Page
Mars Fact Sheet
Other Missions to Mars
Viking - NASA Orbiters/Landers to Mars (1975)
- NASA Lander and Rover Mission to Mars (1996)
Mars Global Surveyor - NASA Mars Orbiter (1996)
Mars Climate Orbiter - NASA Orbiter Mission to Mars (1998)
Mars Polar Lander - NASA Lander Mission to Mars (1999)
New Millenium Deep Space 2 - NASA Penetrator Mission to Mars (1999)
2001 Mars Odyssey - NASA Orbiter Mission to Mars (2001)
Mars Exploration Rovers - NASA Rover Missions to Mars (2003)
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - NASA Orbiter Mission to Mars (2005)
Dr. David R. Williams, firstname.lastname@example.org
NSSDC, Mail Code 690.1
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: Ed Grayzeck, email@example.com
Last Updated: 22 November 2013, DRW