SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 471
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
January 25, 1993
All information in this publication was received between
December 25, 1992, and January 24, 1993.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1993-004A (22317) Cosmos 2231 Jan 19 1992-095A (22300) Cosmos 2229 Dec 29
003B (22314) TDRS F6 Jan 13 094A (22286) Cosmos 2228 Dec 25
003A (22313) STS 54 Jan 13 093A (22284) Cosmos 2227 Dec 25
002A (22309) Molniya 1-85 Jan 13
001A (22307) Cosmos 2230 Jan 12
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Cosmos 2231, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz rocket
from Plesetsk Space Center. Initial orbital parameters are: period
89.6 min, apogee 370 km, perigee 177 km, and inclination 67.2 deg.
TDRS F6, a U.S.A. Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS)
spacecraft, was launched from STS 54. It is the sixth in the TDRSS
series of which only two are fully functional and another two are
"operational." This geostationary spacecraft will be parked at 62
deg W. (The fully functional TDRS F4 and F5 will remain at 41 deg W
and 174 deg W, respectively. TDRS F1 will be moved to 85 deg E and
F3 to 171 deg W.)
STS 54, a U.S.A. shuttle spacecraft, was launched from Kennedy Space
Center (KSC), Florida. It carries two identical Diffuse X-Ray
Spectrometers (DXS) at the 420-840 nanometer band to study the hot
gases/plasma in the Milky Way of the galaxy. Also carried on board
are the CHROMEX experiment to raise seeds from flowering plants
(Arabidopsis Thaliana, commonly called mouse-ear cress), a
Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE), and
experiments for pharmaceutical production (CGBA) and solid surface
combustion (SSCE). Initial orbital parameters are period 92.5 min,
apogee 614 km, perigee 179 km, and inclination 62.8 deg.
Molniya 1-85, a C.I.S. communications spacecraft, was launched by a
Molniya rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters
are period 12 hr and 15 min, apogee 40,609 km (Northern Hemisphere),
perigee 647 km, and inclination 63 deg.
Cosmos 2230, a C.I.S. navigational spacecraft in the CICADA series
for locating whereabouts of ships on the ocean, was launched by a
Cosmos rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters
are period 105 min, apogee 1,020 km, perigee 988 km, and inclination
Cosmos 2229, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz rocket
from Plesetsk cosmodrome. It carries two monkeys and several insects,
amphibians, plants, and cell cultures. Participating scientists are
from nine countries and ESA. Initial orbital parameters are period
90.4 min, apogee 393 km, perigee 225 km, and inclination 62.8 deg.
Cosmos 2228, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Cyclone rocket
from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters are period
97.8 min, apogee 681 km, perigee 646 km, and inclination 82.5 deg.
Cosmos 2227, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Zenith rocket
from Baykonur cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters are period
102 min, apogee 880 km, perigee 852 km, and inclination 71 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations National Name 1993
1983-046A (14075) COSMOS 1463 24 Jan
1993-004B (22318) RB/COSMOS 2231 23 Jan
1993-003A (22313) STS 54 (landed) 19 Jan
1992-077A (22226) COSMOS 2220 18 Jan
1992-095D (22303) RB/COSMOS 2229 18 Jan
1992-095B (22301) RB/COSMOS 2229 16 Jan
1984-068A (15080) COSMOS 1578 10 Jan
1992-095A (22300) COSMOS 2229 10 Jan
1992-081B (22239) RB/COSMOS 2222 28 Dec, 1992
1992-091B (22281) RB/COSMOS 2225 26 Dec, 1992
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
Imminent launch of science spacecraft
PLANNED LAUNCH 12 February 93 (JST)
MISSION TO STUDY COSMIC X-RAYS
APOGEE 642 km
PERIGEE 536 km
WEIGHT 418 kg
PERIOD 96.5 min
Erratum: In SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 469,
the spacecraft launched from MIR on 20 November 1992 was mispelled as NAK 2.
The correct name is MAK 2.
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Last updated: 24 May 1995, EVB II