SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 479
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
September 25, 1993
All information in this publication was received between
August 25, 1993, and September 24, 1993.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1993-060A (22808) Cosmos 2264 Sep 17 1993-056A (22787) USA 95 Sep 03
059A (22802) Cosmos 2263 Sep 16 055B (22783) TEMISAT Aug 31
058C (22798) ORFEUS-SPAS Sep 12 055A (22782) METEOR 2-21 Aug 31
058B (22796) ACTS Sep 12 054A (22779) USA 94 Aug 30
058A (22795) STS 51 Sep 12 053A (22777) RESURS F-19 Aug 24
057A (22789) Cosmos 2262 Sep 07
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Cosmos 2264, a C.I.S. military spacecraft, was launched by a Cyclone-M
rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome at 00:43 UT. Initial orbital
parameters are period 92.9 min, apogee 437 km, perigee 429 km, and
inclination 65 deg.
Cosmos 2263, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Zenit rocket
from Baykonur cosmodrome at 07:36 UT. Initial orbital parameters
are period 102 min, apogee 880 km, perigee 852 km, and inclination
ORFEUS-SPAS, a U.S.A. spacecraft, was released from STS 51. Initial
orbital parameters are period 90.1 min, apogee 304 km, perigee 270
km, and inclination 28.4 deg. It was later retrieved by STS 51.
ACTS, a U.S.A. geostationary communications spacecraft, was launched
from STS 51. Initial orbital parameters are period 719 min, apogee
39,957 km, perigee 323 km, and inclination 15.3 deg.
STS 51, a U.S.A. shuttle, was launched from Cape Canaveral at 13:04
UT. It carried experimental resources for studying the effect of
atomic oxygen bombardment on structural materials, for protein crystal
growth, and for polymer membrane processing. It launched ACTS
spacecraft and released and recaptured ORFEUS-SPAS.
Cosmos 2262, a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz rocket from
Baykonur cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters are period 89.2 min,
apogee 316 km, perigee 180 km, and inclination 64.9 deg.
USA 95 was launched by an Atlas-1 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force
station. It replaces a Navy UHF satellite that was launched into a
useless orbit. USA 95 is the second of a constellation of ten planned
Navy communications spacecraft. Initial orbital parameters are period
485 min, apogee 26,970 km, perigee 285 km, and inclination 27.1 deg.
TEMISAT, an Italian micro-satellite, was released from METEOR 2-21
at 16:22 UT. It carried relaying instruments to uplink and downlink
weather data from the Mediterranean and adjacent areas obtained by
about 50 ground stations. Initial orbital parameters are period 104.1
min, apogee 980 km, perigee 945 km, and inclination 82.5 deg.
METEOR 2-21, a C.I.S. meteorological spacecraft, was launched by a
Cyclone rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 05:40 UT. Initial orbital
parameters are period 104 min, apogee 980 km, perigee 945 km, and
inclination 82.5 deg.
USA 94, a U.S.A. spacecraft in the GPS series, was launched by a
Delta-2 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force station at 12:38 UT. It
joins 21 others in the constellation. Initial orbital parameters are
period 11 hr, 56 min; apogee 20,221 km; perigee 20,074 km; and
inclination 54.9 deg.
RESURS F-19, a C.I.S. natural resources spacecraft, was launched by a
Soyuz rocket from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters are
period 88.7 min, apogee 267 km, perigee 188 km, and inclination 82.6
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 (0009) 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
0009 will soon be replaced by GPS 2-23 (NAVSTAR 34; PRN 4), to be launched
in October 1993.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1993
1993-058C (22798) ORFEUS-SPAS Retrieved by STS 51 22 Sep
1993-058A (22795) STS 51 Landed on 22 Sep
1993-060B (22809) R/B COSMOS 2264 17 Sep
1993-057B (22790) R/B COSMOS 2262 11 Sep
1993-053A (22777) RESURS F-19 10 Sep
1993-042B (22701) R/B USA 92 30 Aug
1993-049B (22730) R/B MOLNIYA 3-45 30 Aug
1977-057A (10113) METEOR 1-28 28 Aug
1990-079C (20778) R/B SKYNET/EUTELSAT 28 Aug
1993-053B (22778) R/B RESURS F-19 27 Aug
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
RADCAL (1993-041A/22698), reported in SPX-477, is now identified as a U.S.A.
spacecraft launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base. It is intended to help
calibrate radar target cross section data.
There has been much confusion in the names and IDs of three U.S.A. spacecraft.
Through a call to USSPACECOM on 28 September, SPACEWARN has now identified the
finally corrected version as follows:
NAME ID CATALOG NUMBER LAUNCH DATE
USA 93 1993-046A 22719 19 July 1993
USA 94 1993-054A 22779 30 August 1993
USA 95 1993-056A 22787 03 September 1993
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Last updated: 24 May 1995, EVB II