SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 481
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
November 25, 1993
All information in this publication was received between
October 25, 1993, and November 24, 1993.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1993-073B (22912) METEOSAT 6 Nov 20
073A (22911) SOLIDARIDAD-1 Nov 20
072A (22907) Gorizont 29 Nov 18
071A (22904) Cosmos 2267 Nov 05
070A (22888) Cosmos 2266 Nov 02
069A (22880) Gorizont 28 Oct 28
068A (22877) USA 96 Oct 26
067A (22875) Cosmos 2265 Oct 26
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
METEOSAT 6, a European meteorological spacecraft, was
launched by an Ariane 44 LP rocket from Kourou, French Guiana,
at 01:17 UT.
- SOLIDARIDAD-1, a Mexican geostationary communications
spacecraft, was launched by an Ariane 44 LP rocket. It will
cover regions north of Mexico in the Ku-band and regions
southward in C-band.
- Gorizont 29, a Russian geostationary communications
spacecraft, was launched by a Proton rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome.
Orbital parameters are period 23 hr 19 min, apogee 35,088 km, perigee
35,037 km, and inclination 1.4 deg. The parking longitude is 130 deg
- Cosmos 2267, a Russian spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz rocket
from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital parameters are period 89
min, apogee 279 km, perigee 198 km, and inclination 70.4 deg.
Cosmos 2266, a Russian spacecraft, was launched from Plesetsk
cosmodrome by a Cosmos rocket at 13:10 UT. Initial orbital parameters
are period 108 min, apogee 1,031 km, perigee 967 km, and inclination
Gorizont 28, a Russian geostationary communications spacecraft, was
launched by a Proton rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome. It will provide
telephone and TV communications to Siberia and the Far East. Orbital
parameters are period 23 hr 55 min, apogee 35,788 km, and perigee 35,354 km,
and inclination 1.4 deg. The parking longitude is 90 deg east.
USA 96, also known as GPS-2-23, was launched from Cape Canaveral
AFB by a Delta 2 rocket. It is the twenty-third member of a full constellation
of 24 spacecraft. A publicly available frequency channel will enable
navigational accuracy of 100 meters, while an encrypted channel will enable
the military a more accurate capability. Orbital parameters are period 718 min,
apogee 20,264 km, perigee 20,107 km, and inclination 55.08 deg.
Cosmos 2265, a Russian spacecraft, was launched from Plesetsk
cosmodrome by a Cosmos rocket at 13:00 UT. Initial orbital parameters
are period 104 min, apogee 1,592 km, perigee 301 km,and inclination 82.9 deg.
The rocket was a modified combat missile, with the environmental toxicity of
the fuel reduced by a factor of 10.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 2-23 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1993
1993-072B (22908) R/B GORIZONT 29 21 Nov
1993-064A (22867) PROGRESS M-20 21 Nov
1976-024A (08754) COSMOS 808 20 Nov
1988-051D (19218) METEOSAT P2 10 Nov
1993-071A (22905) R/B COSMOS 2267 08 Nov
1981-113A (12959) MOLNIYA 1-51 02 Nov
1993-069B (22881) R/B GORIZONT 28 31 Oct
1993-063H (22870) JIANBING 28 Oct
1993-063B (22860) R/B JIANBING 22 Oct
1988-109D (19690) SKYNET/ASTRA 22 Oct
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II