SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 483
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
January 25, 1994
All information in this publication was received between
December 25, 1993, and January 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-002A (22963) GALS 1 Jan 20
-001A (22957) Soyuz TM-18 Jan 08
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
- GALS 1, a Russian television-relay, geostationary spacecraft
was launched from Baykonur cosmodrome by a Proton rocket.
It is the first of the five in the GALS series. Initial
parking was 90 deg (E), but it will be moved to the longterm
position at 44 deg (E).
- Soyuz TM-18, a Russian passenger craft was launched from
Baykonur cosmodrome at 10:05 UT, carrying three cosmonauts
to MIR station. Initial orbital parameters are: period 90.1
min, apogee 335 km, perigee 244 km, and inclination 51.6
deg. It docked with Mir on 10 January at 10:50 UT. The two
previous Mir-based cosmonauts will return via Soyuz TM-17
on 14 January.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 2-23 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-002B (22964) R/B GALS-1 22 Jan
1990-025C (20535) R/B USA 54 18 Jan
1993-043A (22704) SOYUZ TM-17 14 Jan
1994-001B (22958) R/B SOYUZ TM-18 11 Jan
1993-079B (22950) R/B MOLNIYA 1-87 10 Jan
1992-057A (22789) COSMOS 2262 28 Dec (93)
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
The repaired Hubble Telescope is functioning normally, enabling
better focussed stellar images.
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The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II