SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 484
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
February 25, 1994
All information in this publication was received between
January 25, 1994, and February 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-013A (23016) Galaxy 1R Feb 19
-012A (23010) RADUGA 31 Feb 18
-011F (23004) Cosmos 2273 Feb 12
-011E (23003) Cosmos 2272 Feb 12
-011D (23002) Cosmos 2271 Feb 12
-011C (23001) Cosmos 2270 Feb 12
-011B (23000) Cosmos 2269 Feb 12
-011A (22999) Cosmos 2268 Feb 12
-010C (23009) SJ 4-2 Feb 08
-010A (22996) SJ 4 Feb 08
-009A (22988) USA 99 Feb 07
-008A (22981) RADUGA 1-3 Feb 05
-007B (22979) VEP Feb 03
-007A (22978) OREX Feb 03
-006H (22998) BREMSAT Feb 03
-006G (22995) ODERACS F Feb 03
-006F (22994) ODERACS E Feb 03
-006E (22993) ODERACS D Feb 03
-006D (22992) ODERACS C Feb 03
-006C (22991) ODERACS B Feb 03
-006B (22990) ODERACS A Feb 03
-006A (22977) STS 60 Feb 03
-005A (22975) Progress M-21 Jan 28
-004A (22973) DSPSE Jan 25
-003B (22970) TUBSAT Jan 25
-003A (22969) METEOR 3 Jan 25
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Galaxy 1R, a U.S.A. geostationary spacecraft, was launched by
a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral. It carried 24 C-band
transponders, and will replace the aging Galaxy 1, which is
expected to become inoperative in April 1994.
RADUGA 31, a Russian near-geostationary spacecraft, was
launched from Baykonur cosmodrome by a Proton-K rocket
at 07:56 UT. It carried six channels of telephone/telegraph
relays. It will be moved to the designated parking longitude
of 45 deg (E) from the initial 90 deg (E). Initial period is
24.55 min, and inclination 1.5 deg.
1994-011F, -011E, -011D, -011C, -011B, -011A
Cosmos 2273, 2272, 2271, 2270, 2269, 2268, a fleet of
six Russian spacecraft, were launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome
by a Cyclone 3 booster at 09:54 UT into near-circular
orbits. Initial orbital parameters of all of them are
approximately: period 114.13 min, altitude 1,416 km,
and inclination 82.57 deg.
SJ 4-2, a PRC "simulated satellite", was launched into
geostationary orbit by a Long March 3-A booster from
Xichang launch site in southwestern PRC.
SJ 4 (also known as Shijian 4, and Practice 4), a PRC
science payload spacecraft, was launched by a Long March 3-A
booster from Xichang site into a near-geostationary orbit. It
carried six instruments for measuring particle fluxes and
spacecraft electric potential.
USA 99, the first of the six Milstar, geostationary communication
spacecraft, was launched from Cape Canaveral AFS by a Titan 4
RADUGA 1-3, a Russian near-geostationary communications
spacecraft, was launched by a Proton-K booster from Baykonur
cosmodrome. It carried several channels for telephone/telegraph
messages. Period is 24.55 hr, and inclination 1.4 deg.
VEP (Vehicle Evaluation Payload), renamed MYOJO after launch,
is a Japanese spacecraft that was launched by a H-2 rocket
from Tanegashima Space Center at 22:20 UT. Initial orbital
parameters are period 645 min, apogee 36,261 km, perigee 449 km,
and inclination 28.6 deg.
OREX (Orbital Re-entry Experiment vehicle), renamed RYUSEI
after launch, is a Japanese spacecraft that was launched by an H-2
rocket from Tanegashima Space Center at 22:20 UT. Initial
orbital parameters are: period 93.5 min, apogee 6,829 km, perigee
6,828 km, and inclination 30.5 deg.
BREMSAT, a German minisatellite, was released from STS 60.
Initial orbital parameters are period 91.4 min, apogee
363 km, perigee 344 km, and inclination 56.9 deg.
1994-006G, -006F, -006E, -006D, -006C, -006B
ODERACS-F, -E, -D, -C, -B, -A are the U.S.A.'s six mini-targets that were
released from STS 60. They are intended to provide radar
cross-sections of very small objects. Initial orbital
parameters are the same as those of STS 60.
STS 60, a U.S.A. shuttle, was launched from Cape Canaveral. On board
was the SPACEHAB-02 facility to conduct 12 experiments.
Among them were four GAS (Get Away Special) microgravity
experiments: G-536--Pool Boiling experiment; G-557--Capillary
Pumped Loop experiment; G-071--Ball Bearing experiment; and
G-514--Orbiter Stability experiment. It also carried resources for high
school/college science experiments. The shuttle released six
minitargets (ODERACS A-F) to provide radar calibration,
and a German minisatellite, BREMSAT. Repeated efforts to deploy
a three-meter diameter, retrievable shield (Wake Shield Facility)
behind which pure crystals of Gallium Arsenide were planned to be
grown were unsuccessful. Initial orbital parameters are period
91.7 min, apogee 386 km, perigee 358 km, and inclination 59.9 deg.
Progress M-21, a Russian automatic cargo shift was launched
at 02:12 UT to deliver supplies to the Mir space station. Initial
orbital parameters are period 88.5 min, apogee 236 km, perigee
194 km, and inclination 51.6 deg. It docked with Mir at 03:56 UT
on 30 January, 94.
DSPSE (commonly known as Clementine) is a U.S.A. spacecraft that was
launched from Vandenberg AFB by a Titan 2 rocket. Its main
objective is to test the durability of lighter weight sensors
that are required for interceptor missiles. It was maneuvered
towards Moon to take high resolution pictures, then to move
away toward an asteroid to take pictures again, and finally to
fade away for ever into deep space. Initial orbital parameters
are period 89.9 min, apogee 305 km, perigee 242 km, and
inclination 66.9 km.
TUBSAT, a German test spacecraft was launched by a Cyclone
booster from Plesetsk space station. Initial orbital
parameters are the same as of METEOR 3 (see below).
METEOR 3, a Russian spacecraft was launched by a Cyclone
booster from Plesetsk space station. It carried meteorological
and radiation budget instruments. Also on board was a
German, PRARE navigational system to measure parameters
of spacecraft motion. Initial orbital parameters are
period 109.4 min, apogee 1,221 km, perigee 1,198 km, and
inclination 82.6 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 2-23 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-012B (23011) R/B RADUGA 31 21 Feb
1979-091A (11589) Molniya 1-45 18 Feb
1994-004B (22974) R/B DSPSE 11 Feb
1994-006A (22977) STS 60 Landed on 11 Feb
1994-008B (22982) R/B RADUGA 1-3 07 Feb
1994-007A (22978) OREX 04 Feb
1994-005B (22976) R/B PROGRESS M-21 29 Jan
1993-078C (22932) R/B DBS 27 Jan
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
An IACG/NASA-HQ sponsored science workshop was held in Easton, Maryland, U.S.A.,
during 26-29 January 1994, involving experiments on board IMP 8, Ulysses,
Yohkoh, and other spacecraft of heliospheric interest.
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II