SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 485
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
March 25, 1994
All information in this publication was received between
February 25, 1994, and March 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-019A (23035) Progress M-22 Mar 22
-018A (23033) Cosmos 2274 Mar 17
-017B (23031) USA 102 Mar 13
-017A (23030) USA 101 Mar 13
-016A (23027) USA 100 Mar 10
-015A (23025) STS 62 Mar 09
-014A (23019) KORONAS-I Mar 02
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Progress M-22, a Russian automatic cargo ship was launched
from Baykonur cosmodrome at 4:54 UT to dock with Mir
station and deliver supplies. Initial orbital parameters
were period 90.2 min, apogee 335 km, perigee 260 km, and
inclination 51.7 deg. It docked with Mir at 06:40 on 24
Cosmos 2274, a Russian spacecraft was launched from Plesetsk
cosmodrome at 16:30 UT. Initial orbital parameters are
period 89.65 min, apogee 371.7 km, perigee 176.1 km, and
inclination 67.15 deg.
USA 102 was launched.
USA 101 was launched.
USA 100 was launched.
STS 62, a U.S.A. shuttle spacecraft was launched from Cape
Canaveral. It carried a U.S. Microgravity Payload (USMP-2)
and an Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology Second
payload (OAST-2). Among the experiments were the Solar Array
Module Plasma Interaction Experiment (SAMPIE), the Thermal
Energy Storage (TES) experiment, the Experimental Investigation of
Spacecraft Glow (EISG) experiment, the Spacecraft Kinetic InfraRed
Test (SKIRT) experiment, the Emulsion Chamber Technology (ECT)
experiment, and the CRYOgenic Two Phase (CRYOTP) experiment. A new
high-speed, KU-band communication link between mission control
and the shuttle enabled transmission of 162 megabytes of
data. The two-week mission ended on 18 March. Initial
orbital parameters of the shuttle were period 90.4 min, apogee
309 km, perigee 296 km, and inclination 39.0 deg.
KORONAS-I, a Russian-Ukrainian spacecraft was launched by
a Tsyklon 3 booster from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 03:25 UT.
It carried UV and X-ray instruments to map the Sun, and plasma
monitors to study the ionosphere and magnetosphere. Initial
orbital parameters were period 94.7 min, apogee 541 km,
perigee 501 km, and inclination 82.5 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 2-23 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-019B (23036) R/B PROGRESS M-22 24 Mar
1994-018B (23034) R/B COSMOS 2274 21 Mar
1994-015A (23025) STS 62 Landed on 18 Mar
1993-019A (22588) PROGRESS M-17 03 Mar
1979-091A (11589) MOLNIYA 1-45 18 Feb
1994-007A (22978) OREX (corrected date) 05 Feb
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II