SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 489
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
July 25, 1994
All information in this publication was received between
June 25, 1994, and July 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-043A (23185) APSTAR A1 Jul 21
-042A (23182) Cosmos 2283 Jul 20
-041A (23179) NADEZHDA 4 Jul 14
-040D (23178) SPELDA Jul 08
-040B (23176) BS-3N Jul 08
-040A (23175) PANAMSAT 2 Jul 08
-039A (23173) STS 65 Jul 08
-038A (23168) Cosmos 2282 Jul 06
-037A (23145) FSW 2 Jul 03
-036A (23139) Soyuz TM-19 Jul 01
-035A (23132) USA 104 Jun 24
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
APSTAR A1, the Asia-Pacific geostationary communications
spacecraft, was launched by a Long March 3 booster from
Xichang launch center at 10:31 UT. Weighing 1.4 tons,
it carried 24 C-band transponders and will be parked at
131 deg East longitude between the Japanese CS 3A spacecraft
at 132 deg and the Russian RIMSAT spacecraft at 130 deg.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU) may be addressing
the proximity dispute.
Cosmos 2283, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched
from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Soyuz booster. Initial orbital
parameters were period 89.5 min, apogee 356 km, perigee 179 km,
and inclination 67.1 deg.
NADEZHDA 4, a Russian maritime search and rescue spacecraft
of the COSPAS SARSAT fleet, was launched from Plesetsk
cosmodrome at 06:13 UT. Initial orbital parameters were period
104.7 min, apogee 1,018 km, perigee 977 km, and inclination
SPELDA, an ESA spacecraft, was launched from Kourou, French Guiana,
by an Arianne 44L. Initial orbital parameters were period 629 min,
apogee 35,724 km, perigee 209 km, and inclination 6.9 deg.
BS-3N, a Japanese geostationary communications spacecraft,
was launched from Kourou, French Guiana, by an Arianne 44L
rocket. It will serve the Pacific region countries.
PANAMSAT 2 (also known as PAS 2), a U.S.A. geostationary
communications spacecraft, was launched from Kourou, French
Guiana, by an Arianne 44L rocket. On board were 16 C-band and
16 Ku-band transponders to serve the Asian Pacific region
from over Marshall Islands.
STS 65, a U.S.A. shuttle spacecraft, was launched from Cape
Canaveral. It carried 82 experiments, mostly on microgravity
biology. On board were six goldfish, four Japanese Medeka fish,
four red-bellied newts, 500 fruit flies, 126 jelly fish, and
thousands of sea urchins. Initial orbital parameters were period
90.5 min, apogee 304 km, perigee 300 km, and inclination 28.4 deg.
Cosmos 2282, a Russian geostationary military spacecraft, was
launched from Baykonur by a Proton rocket at 23:59 UT.
FSW 2, a P.R.C. experimental, retrievable spacecraft, was
launched from Jiuquan Center at 07:00 UT by a Long March 2D
rocket. Initial orbital parameters were period 89.6 min,
apogee 355 km, perigee 176 km, and inclination 62.9 deg.
Soyuz TM-19, a Russian spacecraft, was launched from Baykonur
cosmodrome at 12:25 UT to dock with the Mir station and
deliver a team of cosmonauts and supplies to the station.
Initial orbital parameters must have been similar to those of MIR.
The docking occurred on July 3, 1994, at 13:55 UT.
USA 104, the Navy department's UHF communications spacecraft,
was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force station by an Atlas 1
rocket. Initial orbital parameters were period 283 min, apogee
15,440 km, perigee 378 km, and inclination 27 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 269 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 329 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 29 2-23 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 89 2-11 2-09 2-05 ----
E 149 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 209 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-039A (23173) STS 65 Landed on 23 Jul
1994-037B (23146) R/B FSW 2 13 Jul
1974-075C (07468) R/B WESTAR 2 12 Jul
1994-033B (23123) R/B FOTON 9 10 Jul
1994-038B (23169) R/B COSMOS 2282 09 Jul
1994-001A (22957) SOYUZ TM-18 Landed on 09 Jul
1994-038C (23170) R/B COSMOS 2282 08 Jul
1994-036B (22140) R/B SOYUZ TM-19 03 Jul
1994-033A (23122) FOTON 9 02 Jul
19940931A (23114) PROGRESS M-23 02 Jul
1994-032A (23119) COSMOS 2281 29 Jun
1994-042C (23183) R/B COSMOS 2283 26 Jun
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
The launch of SMEX/FAST has been postponed to mid-1995. The Pioneer 11
power resource may enable it to remain operational until mid-1995.
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II