SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 491
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 September 1994
All information in this publication was received between
August 25, 1994, and September 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-060A (23267) Cosmos 2291 Sep 21
-059B (23253) Spartan 1 Sep 13
-059A (23251) STS 64 Sep 09
-058A (23249) TELSTAR 402 Sep 09
-057A (23233) USA 106 Aug 29
-056A (23230) ETS 6 Aug 28
-055A (23227) OPTUS B3 Aug 27
-054A (23223) USA 105 Aug 27
-053A (23218) Cosmos 2290 Aug 26
-052A (23215) Progress M-24 Aug 25
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Cosmos 2291, a Russian military geostationary spacecraft, was
launched from Baykonur cosmodrome by a Proton rocket at 17:53 UT.
Spartan 1 (also known as Spartan 201), a U.S.A. spacecraft, was
released from STS 64 on 13 September and was captured back after
a few days. It carried optical instruments to measure the
speed and acceleration of the solar wind in the corona. Orbital
parameters were nearly the same as those of STS 64.
STS 64, a U.S.A. shuttle spacecraft, was launched from Cape
Canaveral. A major payload on board was the SPARTAN sub-satellite
that was released from the shuttle on 13 September. Also on board
were 12 Get Away Special (GAS) experiments designed and built by
high school and university students, an Orbit Stability Experiment
(OSE), and a Robot Operated Materials Processing System (ROMPS).
Initial orbital parameters were period 89.5 min, apogee 269 km,
perigee 259 km, and inclination 56.9 deg.
TELSTAR 402, a U.S.A. geostationary communications spacecraft,
was launched by an Ariane rocket from Kourou in French Guiana.
However, the spacecraft could not be contacted soon after launch.
Its backup, now named TELSTAR 402-R, is being readied for a launch
in early 1995.
USA 106, better known as DMSP F-12, is a U.S.A. science (and
military) spacecraft that was launched by an Atlas-E rocket from
Vandenberg AFB at 14:38 UT. It carried instruments to measure
energetic particles in the magnetosphere and photometers to scan
auroral displays; the instrument packages are believed to be similar
to the ones in the earlier DMSP missions. Initial orbital parameters
were period 101.9 min, apogee 856 km, perigee 839 km, and inclination
ETS 6, a Japanese engineering test spacecraft, was launched by an H-2
rocket into an elliptical transfer orbit. However, the thrusters on
board could not move it to the planned geostationary orbit. Initial
orbital parameters were period 639 min, apogee 36,150 km, perigee
366 km, and inclinations 28.6 deg. A limited number of engineering
tests could still be carried from the elliptical orbit of the
spacecraft whose post-launch name is KIKU 6.
OPTUS B3, an Australian geostationary communications spacecraft,
was launched by a Long March 2E rocket from Xichang in southwest
P.R.C. at 21:10 UT. The spacecraft is expected to provide telephone,
TV, and mobile communications, and air traffic control services
across Australia and New Zealand.
USA 105, a U.S.A. military spacecraft, was launched by a Titan 4/
Centaur booster from Cape Canaveral AFB.
Cosmos 2290, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched from
Baykonur cosmodrome by a Zenith rocket at 12:00 UT. Initial orbital
parameters were period 89.6 min, apogee 315 km, perigee 220 km,
and inclination 64.8 deg.
Progress M-24, a Russian automatic cargo ship, was launched
from Baykonur cosmodrome. It carried supplies to the Mir station.
After repeated failures to dock automatically, it was manually
hauled to dock by a MIR cosmonaut. Initial launch parameters were
period 88.5 min, apogee 238 km, perigee 192 km, and inclination
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 256 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 316 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 16 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 76 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 136 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 196 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-060B (23268) R/B COSMOS 2291 25 Sep
1984-029D (14830) R/B MOLNIYA 1-60 22 Sep
1994-059A (23251) STS 64 Returned on 20 Sep
1994-059B (23253) SPARTAN 1 Returned on 20 Sep
1990-008C (20450) R/B USA 50 19 Sep
1994-053B (23219) R/B COSMOS 2290 14 Sep
1994-037A (23145) FSW 2 13 Sep
1994-044A (23187) COSMOS 2284 11 Sep
1994-052B (23216) R/B PROGRESS M24 27 Aug
1992-072B (22206) R/B GALAXY 7 26 Aug
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact Request Office,
NSSDC, Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, U.S.A., for specific
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II