SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 494
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 December 1994
All information in this publication was received between
November 25, 1994, and December 24, 1994.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1994-083A (23431) Cosmos 2298 Dec 20 -079A (23413) ORION Nov 29
-082A (23427) LUCH Dec 16 -078A (23411) GEO-IK Nov 24
-081A (23420) Molniya 1-88 Dec 14 -077A (23404) Cosmos 2297 Nov 24
-080A (23415) DFH 3 Nov 29
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Cosmos 2298, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched from
Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Cosmos-3M rocket at 05:11 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 100.8 min, apogee 804 km, perigee
780 km, and inclination 74.03 deg.
LUCH, a Russian geostationary communications spacecraft, was
launched from Baykonur cosmodrome by a Proton rocket. Besides
relaying messages to and from Mir station, the two ton spacecraft
will monitor and relay general distress and rescue calls from its
parking longitude of 95 deg E. Initial orbital parameters were
period 23 hr, 52 min; altitude 35,708 km; and inclination 2.5 deg.
Molniya 1-88, also known as Molniya 1-T, is a Russian communications
spacecraft that was launched from Plesetsk Airfield near Arkhangelsk
to provide telephone and television connections to the far-north
public in general and the Air Force in particular. Initial orbital
parameters were period 11 hr, 42 min; apogee 39,155 km; perigee 462
km; and inclination 62.4 deg.
DFH-3, also known as DONG FANG HONG-3, is a P.R.C. geostationary
communications spacecraft of 2.6 ton mass that was launched by a
Long March 3A rocket from Xichang launch site at 17:02 UT.
ORION 1, a German geostationary spacecraft, was launched from Cape
Canaveral by an Atlas rocket. It carried 34 Ku band transponders for
TV channels. Initial orbital parameters were period 23 hr, 58 min;
apogee 36,022 km; perigee 35,621 km; and inclination 3.0 deg.
GEO-IK, a Russian spacecraft, was launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome
by a Tsiklon-3 booster at 02:54 UT. It is intended to carry out
geodesic survey of the earth. It also carried an experimental
RELEKONS positioning equipment to monitor movements of land and sea
transportations, to optimize and increase efficiency. Initial orbital
parameters were period 116 min, apogee 1,524 km, perigee 1,477 km, and
inclination 73.6 deg.
Cosmos 2297, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched from
Baykonur cosmodrome by a Zenit-2 rocket at 09:16 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 102 min, apogee 879 km, perigee
851 km, and inclination 71 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots:
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 255 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 315 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 16 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 78 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 138 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 195 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1994
1994-082B (23427) R/B LUCH 19 Dec
1993-018A (22585) COSMOS 2238 08 Dec
1994-076D (23399) R/B COSMOS 2294-2296 20 Nov
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the Request Office,
NSSDC, Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, U.S.A., for specific
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II