SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 496
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 February 1995
All information in this publication was received between
January 25, 1994, and February 24, 1995.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1995 006A (23497) PHOTON 10 Feb 16
1995 005A (23477) PROGRESS M-26 Feb 15
1995 004G (23475) ODERACS 2E Feb 04
1995 004F (23474) ODERACS 2D Feb 04
1995 004E (23473) ODERACS 2C Feb 04
1995 004D (23472) ODERACS 2B Feb 04
1995 004C (23471) ODERACS 2A Feb 04
1995 004B (23470) SPARTAN 204 Feb 07
1995 004A (23469) STS 63 Feb 03
1995 003A (23467) USA 108 Jan 29
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
PHOTON 10 is the tenth in the Russian research series of satellites
that was launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Soyuz-V rocket at
23:40 UT. The 15 day mission carried "KASHTAN", "ZONA", "SPLAV",
"BIOBOX", "IBIS" instruments for zero-gravity material, and
biotechnological experiments. The spacecraft mass is 6,300 kg, and
the retrievable experiment module has a mass of 2250 kg. Initial
orbital parameters were period 94 min, apogee 391 km, perigee 228
km, and inclination 62.8 deg.
PROGRESS M-26 is a Russian automatic cargo ship that was launched
from Baykonur cosmodrome at 16:48 UT to dock with MIR station
and deliver over two tons of supplies. It docked with MIR at
00:21 UT on the 18th February. Pre-docking orbital parameters were
period 89.83 min, apogee 295 km, perigee 238 km, and inclination
1995-004G, 004F, 004E, 004D, 004C
ODERACS 2E, ODERACS 2D, ODERACS 2C, ODERACS 2B, and ODERACS 2A
are USA miniobjects that were released from STS 63 on 4 February,
95 at about 04:57 UT. These Orbital DEbris RAdar Calibration Spheres
are a few centimeters in diameter, and are intended to provide
calibration for radar echoes. Initial orbital parameters were period
91 min, apogee 336 km, perigee 314 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
SPARTAN 204 was a free flying payload that was released from space
shuttle STS 63 on 7 February, at 12:57 UT. It made about 40 hours of
observation of Galactic dust clouds using a Far Ultraviolet Imaging
Spectrograph before being retrieved on 9 February. Initial orbital
parameters were close to those of STS 63.
STS 63, a USA space shuttle was launched from Cape Canveral at
00:30 UT. It carried the Spacehab module containing microgravity
experimental apparatus; it released and recaptured a free-flying
SPARTAN 204 spacecraft. Despite a thruster leak from the shuttle,
STS 63 was finally allowed to come close to the MIR station, within
about twelve meters, as a prelude to a planned docking in the
future. Initial orbital parameters were period 91 min, apogee 342 km,
perigee 310 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
USA 108, the Navy's fourth geosynchronous UHF communications spacecraft,
was launched by an Atlas 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral AFS. The
spacecraft will be triaxially stabilized.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the members of the planes/slots. The RAAN
pertains to late December 1994 and changes by about 0.1 deg each month.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 249 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 309 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 10 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 71 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 132 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 190 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1995
1995-005B (23478) R/B PROGRESS M-26 17 Feb
1994-075A (23348) PROGRESS M-25 16 Feb
1994-006H (22998) BREMSAT 12 Feb
1995-004A (23469) STS 63 11 Feb
1995-004B (23470) SPARTAN 204 retrieved to STS 63 09 Feb
1985-004A (15476) MOLNIYA 3-23 05 Dec, 94
1979-091D (11602) R/B MOLNIYA 1-45 14 Oct, 94
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
USSR/RUSSIAN Launches: According to ITAR-TASS agency, USSR and Russia have
launched from 1957 to 22 February, 1995 a total of 2,656 rocket sets carrying
satellites; 142 of the launches failed, and 47 were only partially successfull
(meaning wrong orbits). The number of successfully launched payload satellites
were 2,914, with an additional 62 in wrong orbits. Launches from Plesetsk
cosmodrome amounted to 55% of the total launches, and 62% of
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the Request Office,
NSSDC, Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, U.S.A., for specific
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Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II