SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 497
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 March 1995
All information in this publication was received between
February 25, 1995, and March 24, 1995.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1995-014A (23530) Cosmos 2311 Mar 22
1995-013A (23528) INTELSAT 705 Mar 21
1995-012A (23526) Cosmos 2310 Mar 22
1995-011B (23522) GMS 5 Mar 18
1995-011A (23521) SFU Mar 18
1995-010A (23519) SOYUZ TM-21 Mar 14
1995-009C (23513) Cosmos 2307 Mar 07
1995-009B (23512) Cosmos 2309 Mar 07
1995-009A (23511) Cosmos 2308 Mar 07
1995-008A (23501) Cosmos 2306 Mar 02
1995-007A (23500) STS 67 Mar 02
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Cosmos 2311 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched
from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Soyuz-U rocket at 16:43 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 89.6 min, apogee 359.4 km, perigee
179.7 km, and inclination 67.2 deg.
INTELSAT 705 is a geostationary communications spacecraft of the
Intelsat consortium. Additional information is not available at this
Cosmos 2310 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched from
Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Kosmos-3M rocket at 04:09 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 105.1 min, apogee 1,024.1 km, perigee
996.4 km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
GMS 5 is a Japanese geostationary meteorological spacecraft that was
launched from Tanegashima island (1,000 km SW of Tokyo) by a H-2
rocket at 08:01 UT. It replaces the GMS-4 (also known as Himawari)
and will be parked at 140 E longitude. It carries visible and
infrared spin-scan radiometers that will provide gobal pictures every
25 min, at a resolution of 1.25 km (visible) and 5.0 km (infrared).
It has also an infrared channel to monitor water vapor content in
the atmosphere. The other instruments on board are for search-and-rescue
relays, and for relaying weather data from ground/sea-based monitoring
platforms. The spacecraft has a stabilized earth
pointing platform and a 100 RPM spinning section. Other parameters
are mass 345 kg, diameter 215 cm, height 354 cm, and power 291 W.
SFU is a Japanese space laboratory that was launched by the same
rocket that launchd GMS 5. It carries an infrared telescope and
instruments and supplies for microgravity experiments and will
be retrieved by a U.S.A. shuttle later this year. Initial orbital
parameters are period 92.2 min, apogee 415 km, perigee 344 km,
and inclination 28.4 km.
SOYUX TM-21 is a cosmonaut transporting spacecraft that was
launched from Baykonur cosmodrome at 06:11 UT to dock with MIR
station. It docked with MIR at 07:45 UT on the 16 March. The
American astronaut on board will be brought back from MIR after
a U.S.A. shuttle docks with the station in late June 1995.
Initial orbital parameters were period 89.8 min, apogee 322 km,
perigee 231 km, and inclination 51.7 deg.
1995-009C, -009B, -009A
Cosmos 2307, Cosmos 2309, and Cosmos 2308 are the latest
three to join the Russian constellation of GLONASS series.
They were launched from Baykonur cosmodrome. Initial parameters
of the circular orbits are period 11 hr, 15 min, altitude
19,132 km, and inclination 64.8 deg. (See sec. C-3 for data on
Cosmos 2306 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched
from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 13:00 UT by a Kosmos-3M booster.
Initial orbital parameters were period 99.3 min, apogee 519 km,
perigee 472 km, and inclination 65.5 deg.
STS 67 is a U.S.A. shuttle spacecraft that was launched from Cape
Canaveral at 06:37 UT. The main cargo on board was the Astro 2
Spacelab that carried three UV telescopes: Ultraviolet Telescope of
the Johns Hopkins University (HUT) with a 92 cm diameter mirror and
a spectrograph; Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) of NASA-GSFC
with a 38 cm mirror for photographing galaxies on sensitive films;
and Photo-Polarimeter of the University of Wisconsin (WUPPE) for
monitoring interstellar/intergalactic dust and gas. Initial orbital
parameters were period 91.7 min, apogee 363 km, perigee 349 km,
and inclination 28.5 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their 30 March longitudes.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A 245 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 305 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C 6 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D 69 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 129 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F 186 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1995
1994-063A (23288) SOYUZ TM-20 22 Mar
1994-028B (23102) R/B MSTI 2 20 Mar
1995-007A (23500) STS 67 Landed on 18 Mar
1993-029A (22643) COSMOS 2244 18 Mar
1995-005A (23477) PROGRESS M-26 15 Mar
1995-006B (23498) R/B FOTON 10 12 Mar
1994-025A (23095) COSMOS 2280 10 Mar
1994-006F (22994) ODERACS E 03 Mar
1995-006A (23497) FOTON 10 03 Mar
1995-004F (23474) ODERACS 2D 02 Mar
1992-007B (21868) R/B JERS 28 Feb
1995-004G (23473) ODERACS 2E 27 Feb
1994-006G (22995) ODERACS F 24 Feb
1983-073A (14199) MOLNIYA 1-58 23 Feb
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, U.S.A., for specific
information (REQUEST@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV). Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory, named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
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Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, email@example.com, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, firstname.lastname@example.org
Last updated: 23 May 1995, EVB II