SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 505
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites on behalf of IUWDS/COSPAR
25 November 1995
All information in this publication was received between
October 25, 1995 and November 25, 1995.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1995-063A (23717) GALS 2 Nov 17
1995-062A (23715) ISO Nov 17
1995-061A (23714) STS 74 Nov 12
1995-060A (23712) USA 115 Nov 06
1995-059B (23711) SURFSAT Nov 04
1995-059A (23710) RADARSAT 1 Nov 04
1995-058A (23704) Cosmos 2322 Oct 31
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
GALS 2 is a Russian television relaying geostationary
spacecraft that was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baykonur
cosmodrome at 14:25 UT. The 2.5 ton spacecraft carries three
multichannel high power transponders so that ground stations
in the far-eastern Siberia and the pacific coast countries can
capture signals with small dishes.
ISO (Infrared Space Observatory), an ESA spacecraft, was
launched by an Ariane rocket from Kourou base in French Guiana at
01:20 UT. The 2.5 tonne spacecraft of height 5.3 m and diameter
2.3 m carries a telescope with a primary mirror of 60 cm diameter.
The mirror feeds (a) a visual photopolarimeter at 2-245 microns,
providing images at 100-200 micron wavelengths through two cameras,
and spectra at 3-16 microns; (b) a camera to provide sky maps at
2.5-17 microns; and (c) a spectrometer at 2.5-45 microns. The 2,150
liters of liquid helium supply will enable about 20 months of
operation of all instruments. A few days after launch, the
orbital parameters were period 24 hr, apogee 70,500 km, perigee
1,000 km, and inclination 5.25 deg.
STS 74 is an American shuttle spacecraft that was launched
from Cape Canaveral to dock with the Russian space station, MIR. The
main mission was the docking exercise to transport to/from MIR about
500 kg of supplies. The docking module that was carried by STS 74
was successfully installed on MIR and remained after the end
of the mission whose purpose was to develop know-how's for building
a proposed international space station, Alpha. Initial orbital
parameters of the STS were period 92.4 min, apogee 396 km, perigee
391 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
USA 115, also known as MILSTAR 2, is an American military
spacecraft that was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Station by a
Titan 4 rocket. The geostationary 4,500 kg spacecraft will be
parked at 4 deg, east longitude. Developed during the days of
nuclear war threats, the jam-proof and virtually disruption-proof
spacecraft has capability to transpond securely an extensive volume
of information with simultaneous access to a thousand users. Its
companion, MILSTAR 1, remains parked at 120 deg, west; four more
will join the constellation during 1999-2002.
SURFSAT (Summer Under-graduate Research Fellowship SATellite) is an
American microsatellite that was designed to assist tests on the
upgraded soft-/hardware at the Deep Space Network stations that
are primarily dedicated to capture the weak signals from
Heliospheric probes. The 55 kg spacecraft remained attached to the
second stage of the Delta 2 rocket (that had launched RADARSAT 1).
Initial orbital parameters were period 109.6 min, apogee 1,495 km,
perigee 935 km, and inclination 100.6 deg.
RADARSAT 1 is a Canadian remote sensing spacecraft that was
launched from Vandenberg AFB by a Delta 2 rocket at 14:22 UT. It
carries a synthetic aperture radar for mapping natural resources.
Initial orbital parameters were period 100.6 min, apogee 790 km,
perigee 785 km, and inclination 98.6 deg.
Cosmos 2322, a Russian military spacecraft, was launched by a
Zenit-2 rocket from Baykonur cosmodrome at 19:19 UT. Initial orbital
parameters were period 101.97 min, apogee 877.9 km, perigee 851.9 km,
and inclination 71 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbit in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has four "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their
approximate RAAN longitudes in November 95.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4
A *235 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B *296 2-18 2-07 2-02 2-22
C *357 2-24 2-13 2-19 2-20
D * 62 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E *119 2-01 2-08 2-03 2-10
F *177 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane1 Plane2 Plane3
slot1 771 slot 9 slot17 760
slot2 757 slot10 781 slot18 758
slot3 763 slot11 785 slot19 777
slot4 762 slot12 767 slot20 765
slot5 249 slot13 slot21 756
slot6 764 slot14 770 slot22 766
slot7 759 slot15 780 slot23 761
slot8 769 slot16 775 slot24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1995
1980-092A (12066) MOLNIYA 1-48 18 Nov
1995-063C (23719) R/B GALS 2 18 Nov
1985-025B (15631) R/B INTELSAT 5A F-10 11 Nov
1995-050A (23672) RESURS F-20 26 Oct
(The descent module of RESURS F-20, with photographic data, had parachuted
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
information (REQUEST@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV). Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Go to SPACEWARN Bulletin Index Page
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
V1.0: 29 November 1995
Last Updated: 12 December 1995, EVB II