SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 514
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
25 August 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 July 1996 and 24 August 1996.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-049A (24285) FAST 21 Aug
1996-048A (24282) CHINASAT 7 18 Aug
1996-047A (24280) Soyuz TM-24 17 Aug
1996-046B (24278) JAS 2 17 Aug
1996-046A (24277) ADEOS 17 Aug
1996-045A (24273) Molniya 1-89 14 Aug
1996-044B (24209) TELECOM 2D 08 Aug
1996-044A (24208) ITALSAT 2 08 Aug
1996-043A (24071) Progress M-32 31 Jul
1996-042A (23967) UFO 7 25 Jul
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
FAST (Fast Auroral SnapshoT explorer) is an American space physics
spacecraft that was launched at 09:47 UT by a Pegasus-XL rocket from
aboard an L-1011 cargo plane flying out of Vandenberg AFB. The 187 kg
spacecraft carries three electrostatic analyzers for ions and
electrons, a mass spectrometer, a wave-particle correlator, a
Langmuir probe, and a magnetometer, all of which will address the
auroral phenomena. Initial orbital parameters were period 133 min,
apogee 4,159 km, perigee 348 km, and inclination 83 deg.
CHINASAT 7 is a PRC satellite that was intended to become a
geosynchronous communications spacecraft. It was launched by a Long
March 3 rocket from Xichang launch center at 10:27 UT, but a third
stage failure led to an almost useless orbit. The initial orbital
parameters were period 309 min, apogee 17,320 km, perigee 198 km,
and inclination 27 deg.
Soyuz TM-24 is a Russian transport spacecraft that carried three
cosmonauts to the MIR station. It was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket
from Baykonur at 13:17 UT, and docked with Mir at 14:50 UT on the
nineteenth of August. Initial orbital parameters were period 89.8 min,
apogee 287.4 km, perigee 235.1 km, and inclination 51.65 deg.
JAS 2 is a 50 kg Japanese Amateur-radio Satellite that was launched
by an H-2 rocket from Tanegashima Space Center at 01:29 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 106 min, apogee 1317 km, perigee 797 km,
and inclination 98.6 deg.
ADEOS (ADvanced Earth Observation Satellite) is a Japanese remote
sensing spacecraft that was launched by an H-2 rocket from
Tanegashima Space center at 01:53 UT. The 3,500 kg spacecraft with
the post-launch name of MIDORI carries instruments to monitor wind
and temperature on ocean surfaces and aerosols, ozone, and greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere. Some of the sensors were provided by NASA,
NOAA, and CNES. The initial parameters of the Sun-synchronous orbit
were period 101 min, apogee 815 km, perigee 794 km, and inclination
Molniya 1-89 (Molniya 1T) is a Russian communications spacecraft
that was launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome at 22:21 UT by a Molniya-M
"reusable" booster to provide telephone, telegraph, and television
coverage. Initial orbital parameters were period 12 hr, 17 min,
apogee 40,828 km, perigee 498 km (over the southern hemisphere),
and inclination 63 deg.
TELECOM 2D is a French geosynchronous spacecraft to provide voice
and video communications to western Europe. It was launched by an
Ariane 44L rocket from Kourou.
ITALSAT 2 is an Italian geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched by an Ariane 44L rocket from Kourou. The 2,000 kg
spacecraft carries transponders in the 20-22 GHz range to provide
voice and video communications to Europe.
Progress M-32 is a Russian automatic cargo craft that was launched
by a Soyuz-U launcher from Baykonur at 20:00 UT to deliver to MIR
2,500 kg of supplies and equipment. Initial orbital parameters were
period 88.6 min, apogee 248 km, perigee 193 km, and inclination 51.6
UFO 7 (UHF Follow On 7; also known as USA 127) is an American
geosynchronous military communications spacecraft that was launched
from Cape Canaveral Air Station by an Atlas 2 rocket. An earlier
announcement from USSPACECOM had the now-discarded name UHF F/O F7.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbits in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg apart.
Each plane has five "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the planes/slots.
The RAAN decreases or increases by about 1.0 deg each month; below are their
approximate RAAN longitudes in July 1996.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4 SLOT-5
A 226 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 286 2-18 2-02 2-22
C 348 2-24 2-25 2-19 2-20 2-13
D 51 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 108 2-01 2-08 2-26 2-10 2-03
F 167 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane 1 Plane 2 Plane 3
slot-1 771 slot-9 776/778 slot-17 760
slot-2 757 slot-10 781 slot-18 758
slot-3 763 slot-11 785 slot-19 777
slot-4 762 slot-12 767 slot-20 765
slot-5 249 slot-13 782 slot-21 756
slot-6 764 slot-14 770 slot-22 766
slot-7 759 slot-15 780 slot-23 761
slot-8 769 slot-16 775 slot-24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1980-092D (12070) R/B SL-6 07 Aug
1996-043B (24072) R/B SL-4 03 Aug
1995-054F (23685) R/B SL-12 02 Aug
1996-028A (23860) PROGRESS M-31 01 Aug
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL:
SPACEWARN Bulletin Index
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, firstname.lastname@example.org
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, email@example.com, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, firstname.lastname@example.org
V1.0: 27 August 1996
Last Updated: 29 August 1996, EVB II