SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 515
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
25 September 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 August 1996 and 24 September.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-057A (24324) STS 79 16 Sep
1996-056A (24320) USA 128 12 Sep
1996-055A (24313) ECHOSTAR 2 11 Sep
1996-054A (24315) GE 1 08 Sep
1996-053A (24307) INMARSAT 3 F2 06 Sep
1996-052B (24305) UNAMSAT-B 05 Sep
1996-052A (24304) Cosmos 2334 05 Sep
1996-051A (24297) Cosmos 2333 04 Sep
1996-050C (24293) INTERBALL AURORA 29 Aug
1996-050B (24292) MAGION 5 29 Aug
1996-050A (24291) MICROSAT 29 Aug
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
STS 79 is an American Shuttle spacecraft that was launched from
Cape Canaveral at 08:54 UT to dock with the Russian Mir station.
It ferried an American astronaut to Mir and was to return another
American astronaut from Mir. It also hauled 924 kg of scientific
instruments and 636 kg of water to Mir and hauled back from Mir
397 kg of material. It docked with Mir at 03:13 on 19 September, and
undocked at 01:34 UT on 24 September. A high-temperature oven
capable of melting iron was to be tested inside the Spacehab module
on the shuttle. Initial orbital parameters were period 92.1 min,
apogee 385 km, perigee 375 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
USA 128 is an American military/navigational spacecraft that was
launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral Sir Station. It is
the latest addition to the GPS constellation listed in section C2.
Initial orbital parameters were period 937.5 min, apogee 33,649 km,
perigee 17,055 km, and inclination 61.5 deg.
ECHOSTAR 2 is an American geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that would provide voice and video transmissions to North America.
GE 1 is an American geosynchronous communications spacecraft that
was launched by an Atlas 2A rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Station at
09:49 UT to provide voice and video communications to North America.
INMARSAT 3 F2 is a geosynchronous communications spacecraft of that
international consortium that was launched by a Proton rocket from
Baykonur cosmodrome. It will enable communications among mobile
objects on sea, land, and air.
UNAMSAT-B is a Mexican microsatellite of 17 kg mass that was
launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome by the light-weight Kosmos 3M
booster at 12:48 UT. It will monitor micrometeorite impacts in the
upper atmosphere. Initial orbital parameters were period 104.8 min,
apogee 1,010 km, perigee 966 km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
Cosmos 2334 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched by a
Kosmos 3M booster from Plesetsk cosmodrome. Initial orbital
parameters were period 104.9 min, apogee 1,023 km, perigee 988
km, and inclination 82.9 deg.
Cosmos 2333 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched from
Baykonur cosmodrome by a Zenith 2 rocket at 21:01 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 101.9 min, apogee 852 km, perigee 842
km, and inclination 71.0 deg
INTERBALL AURORA, also known as PROGNOZ 2M (or M2) or as INTERBALL
2, is a Russian-Ukrainian space physics sapacecraft that was
launched from Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Molniya-M booster at 05:22
UT. The 1,250 kg spacecraft carries several instruments to monitor
the magnetic field, plasma and energetic particles in the Earth's
magnetosphere as they relate to the auroral phenomena. (A companion
spacecraft, INTERBALL TAIL had been launched a year earlier.)
Initial orbital parameters were period 347 min, apogee 19,202 km,
perigee 774 km, and inclination 62.5 deg.
MAGION 5 is a 58 kg Czech sub-satellite of INTERBALL AURORA that was
launched by a Molniya-M booster from Plesetsk cosmodrome. It
carries a number of instruments to measure the magnetic field,
plasma, and energetic particles in the magnetosphere. Its initial
orbital parameters (after release from INTERBALL AURORA at 09:45 UT)
were period 347 min, apogee 19,204 km, perigee 774 km, and
inclination 62.5 deg. It is reported to have experienced malfunctions
(at least) during the initial orbits.
MICROSAT, also known as MuSat, is an Argentine 33 kg microsatellite
that was laucnhed by a Molniya-M booster from Plesetsk cosmodrome at
05:22 UT. It carries instruments to photograph natural resources.
Initial orbital parameters were period 98.7 min, apogee 1,149 km,
perigee 231 km, and inclination 62.08 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
The GPS 2-NN series orbits in six distinct planes that are about 60 deg
apart. Each plane has five "slots." Following are the 2-NN members in the
planes/slots. The RAAN decreases or increases by about 1.0 deg each month;
below are their approximate RAAN longitudes in July 1996.
PLANE RAAN OF PLANE SLOT-1 SLOT-2 SLOT-3 SLOT-4 SLOT-5
A 226 2-21 2-12 2-15 2-04
B 286 2-18 2-02 2-22
C 348 2-24 2-25 2-19 2-20 2-13
D 51 2-11 2-09 2-05 2-23
E 108 2-01 2-08 2-26 2-10 2-03
F 167 2-16 2-14 2-06 2-17
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
The GLONASS NNN series orbit in three distinct planes that are 120
deg apart. Each plane has eight "slots". Following are the members of
Plane 1 Plane 2 Plane 3
slot-1 771 slot-9 776/778 slot-17 760
slot-2 757 slot-10 781 slot-18 758
slot-3 763 slot-11 785 slot-19 777
slot-4 762 slot-12 767 slot-20 765
slot-5 249 slot-13 782 slot-21 756
slot-6 764 slot-14 770 slot-22 766
slot-7 759 slot-15 780 slot-23 761
slot-8 769 slot-16 775 slot-24 774
Coordinational Scientific Information Center (CSIC) Russian Space Forces
E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Home page WWW.IKI:
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1996-053B (24308) R/B INMARSAT 3 06 Sep
1996-011A (23798) SOYUZ TM-23 03 Sep
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL:
SPACEWARN Bulletin Index
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, firstname.lastname@example.org
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, email@example.com, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, firstname.lastname@example.org
V1.0: 30 September 1996
Last Updated: 04 November 1996, EVB II