SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 516
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
25 October 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 September 1996 and 24 October 1996.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-060A (24640) Molniya 3-48 24 Oct
1996-059A (24634) FSW-2 3 20 Oct
1996-058A (24435) EXPRESS 12 26 Sep
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Molniya 3-48 is a Russian communications spacecraft that was
launched by a Molniya-M booster from Plesetsk at 11:37 UT. It will
provide voice and video communications throughout Russia. It will
also carry a "hot line" between Moscow and Washington. Initial
orbital parameters were period 736.3 min, apogee 40,649 km, perigee
608 km, and inclination 62.8 deg.
FSW-2 3 is a PRC remote sensing satellite that was launched by a
Long March 3 rocket from Xichuan. Initial orbital parameters were
period 89.6 min, apogee 332 km, perigee 168 km, and inclination 63 deg.
EXPRESS 12 is a Russian geostationary spacecraft that was launched
by a Proton booster from Baykonur at 21:51 UT. The EXPRESS class is
an updated version of the discontinued Gorizont class. The 2,500 kg
spacecraft attained geostationary orbit about eight hours after
launch, and will provide video and voice communications throughout
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1991-079F (21794) R/B SL-12 15 Oct
1986-057D (16889) R/B SL-6 14 Oct
1996-035B (23916) R/B ARIANE 44P 30 Sep
1996-058B (24436) R/B SL-12 29 Sep
1995-051A (23674) COSMOS 2320 28 Sep
1996-057A (24324) STS 79 Landed on 26 Sep
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
For several weeks after the launch of the FAST spacecraft (1996-049A), its
two-line orbital elements were carried under the NORAD Catalog number 24286,
and International ID 1996-049B. The situation was corrected in early October,
and the elements are now available under the catalog number 24285 and
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL:
SPACEWARN Bulletin Index
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, email@example.com
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, firstname.lastname@example.org, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, email@example.com
V1.0: 04 November 1996
Last Updated: 26 November 1996, EVB II