SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 518
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
25 December 1996
All information in this publication was received between
25 November 1996 and 24 December 1996.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1996-073A (24701) Bion 11 24 Dec
1996-072A (24680) USA 129 20 Dec
1996-071A (24677) Cosmos 2336 20 Dec
1996-070A (24674) INMARSAT 3-F3 18 Dec
1996-069A (24670) Cosmos 2335 11 Dec
1996-068A (24667) Mars Pathfinder 04 Dec
1996-067A (24665) HOT BIRD 2 21 Nov
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
Bion 11 is a Russian spacecraft that was launched from Plesetsk
cosmodrome by a Soyuz-U rocket at 13:50 UT. It carries a capsule
housing two monkeys and several newts, snails, beetles, fruit flies,
and small plants to study their responses and behaviors under
microgravity. The capsule will make a soft-landing after two weeks.
The initial orbital parameters were period 90.5 min, apogee 401.1
km, perigee 225.4 km, and inclination 62.8 deg.
USA 129 is an American military spacecraft that was launched by a
Titan 4 rocket from Vandenberg AFB.
Cosmos 2336 is a Russian military spacecraft that was launched from
Plesetsk cosmodrome by a Kosmos 30M rocket at 12:44 UT. Initial
orbital parameters were period 105 min, apogee 1,026 km, perigee 995
km, and inclination 83 deg.
INMARSAT 3-F3 is a geosynchronous communications spacecraft of that
international consortium to enable communications among maritime and
land-based vehicles. It was launched by an Atlas rocket from Cape
Cosmos 2335 is a Russian military spacecraft. Initial orbital
elements were period 92.7 min, apogee 417 km, perigee 403 km, and
inclination 65.4 deg.
Mars Pathfinder is an American planetary spacecraft that was
launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral at 06:58 UT.
After a seven-month cruise, the Pathfinder along with a small rover
named Sojourner (60 cm x 48 cm x 30 cm; 11.5 kg) it carries will
land on Mars, cushioned by inflatable baloons. The landing site will
be at 19.5 north latitude and 32.8 west longitude. Both the
spacecraft (also known as the lander) and the rover will be solar-
powered, with backup batteries. The lander houses three instruments:
Imager for Mars Pathfinder (IMP), Atmospheric Structure Instrument/
METeorology package (ASI/MET); the rover houses an Alpha, Proton,
X-ray Spectrometer (APXS), and color cameras. The lander has a one-
gigabyte memory to store and transmit data from its instruments as
well as from the instruments on the rover. More details of the
mission may be obtained on the WWW at:
HOT BIRD 2 is a European geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched by an Atlas rocket from Cape Canaveral. It is
intended to provide direct broadcast voice and video communications
to western Europe.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. To see a list select here.
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. To see a list select here.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1996
1996-069B (24671) R/B COSMOS 2335 12 Dec
1996-065A (24660) STS 80 Landed on 07 Dec
1996-065B (24661) ORFEUS-SPAS Recaptured by STS 60 07 Dec
1996-065C (24662) WSF 3 Recaptured by STS 60 07 Dec
1988-051B (19216) OSCAR 13 06 Dec
1996-059A (24634) FSW 2-3 03 Dec
1996-060C (24642) R/B MOLNIYA 3-48 26 Nov
1996-066B (24664) R/B PROGRESS M-33 22 Nov
1996-064A (24656) MARS 96 18 Nov
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
Efforts to activate MAGION-5 spacecraft (a sub-satellite of Interball-AURORA)
that was launched on 29 August 1996 continue. It has remained inoperative
since launch due to an electrical short in the solar panels.
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL:
SPACEWARN Bulletin Index
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
About Spacecraft Categories
Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, firstname.lastname@example.org
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, email@example.com, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, firstname.lastname@example.org
V1.0: 06 January 1997
Last Updated: 30 January 1997, EVB II