SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 529
A publication of NASA's National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center-A for Rockets
and Satellites as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
All information in this publication was received between
01 November 1997 and 30 November 1997.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates.
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
1997-074B (25064) KIKU-7 27 Nov 1997-069C (25041) IRIDIUM 40 09 Nov
1997-074A (25063) TRMM 27 Nov 1997-069B (25040) IRIDIUM 41 09 Nov
1997-073B (25062) Spartan 201-4 21 Nov 1997-069A (25039) IRIDIUM 43 09 Nov
1997-073A (25061) STS 87 19 Nov 1997-068A (25034) USA 136 07 Nov
1997-072A (25059) RESURS F-1M 18 Nov 1997-067A (25030) NAVSTAR 38 06 Nov
1997-071B (25051) CAKRAWARTA 1 12 Nov 1997-058C (24958) Sputnik Jr 03 Nov
1997-071A (25050) SIRIUS 2 12 Nov 1997-066C (25025) YES 30 Oct
1997-070A (25045) KUPON 12 Nov 1997-066B (25024) MAQSAT-B 30 Oct
1997-069E (25043) IRIDIUM 38 09 Nov 1997-066A (25023) MAQSAT-H 30 Oct
1997-069D (25042) IRIDIUM 39 09 Nov 1997-065A (25019) DSCS 3 25 Oct
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
KIKU-7 is a Japanese spacecraft pair of 2,480 kg mass and was
launched from Tanegashima by an H-2 rocket at 21:27 UT. It was to
separate as KIKU-7 Chaser and KIKU-7 Target, but failed to do so.
The prelaunch name of KIKU-7 was ETS-7. Initial orbital parameters were
period 93 min, apogee 551 km, perigee 377 km, and inclination 34.9 deg.
TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) is an American-Japanese
weather spacecraft that was launched by a H-2 rocket from Tanegashima
at 21:27 UT. It carries a microwave imager, a visible-infrared
sensor, a lightning imager, and a precipitation radar. Initial
orbital parameters were period 92 min, apogee 381 km, perigee
366 km, and inclination 35 deg.
Spartan 201-4 is a resuable American solar observatory module that
was released from STS 87. A computer glitch made it unable to
obtain attitude control; an effort to recapture it robotically
introduced a hazardous spin motion, also. Ultimately, it had to be
recaptured by a space walk by two astronauts. During the three days of
free-flying, its orbital parameters remained close to that of STS 87.
STS 87 is an American shuttle spacecraft that was launched from
Cape Canaveral at 19:46 UT. The main goals of the mission were to
carry out extra-vehicular activities germane to the likely
assembly of the International Space Station, Alpha; to release and
retrieve a solar observatory Spartan 201-4; and to carry out a
list of about eight microgravity experiments. Spartan was released
but soon malfunctioned; it was, however, recaptured by a space walk
by two astronauts after failed attempts to recapture it robotically.
A second release was considered but canceled. The Shuttle is
expected to land back on 05 December 1997. Initial orbital
parameters were period 90.2 min, apogee 286 km, perigee 280 km,
and inclination 28.4 deg.
RESURS F-1M is a Russian Earth resources spacecraft that was
launched by a Soyuz (-U ?) rocket from Plesetsk at 11:15 UT.
The 6,300 kg spacecraft was expected to orbit only for 25 days and
to release the photo module for safe landing before the spacecraft
burns up. Initial orbital parameters were period 88.6 km, apogee
252 km, perigee 196 km, and inclination 82.3 km.
CAKRAWARTA 1 is an Indonesian geosynchronous communications
spacecraft that was launched by an Ariane 4 rocket from Kourou
at 21:48 UT to provide direct video communications to Indonesia
after parking at about 105-E longitude. Its prelaunch name was
SIRIUS 2 is a Swedish geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched by an Ariane 4 rocket from Kourou at 21:48 UT.
It carries 32 Ku band transponders to provide direct video
communications to Sweden and neighboring countries after
parking at about 5 deg-E longitude.
KUPON is a Russian geostationary communications spacecraft
that was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baykonur at
17:00 UT. It is intended to facilitate banking transactions
in Russia and elsewhere, as part of a fleet of the "Bankir"
system. The 2,500 kg spacecraft carries enough transponders
to handle 10,000 transactions simultaneously.
1997-069A, 1997-069B, 1997-069C, 1997-069D, 1997-069E
IRIDIUM 43, IRIDIUM 41, IRIDIUM 40, IRIDIUM 39, IRIDIUM 38
are the latest additions to the American fleet of IRIDIUM
spacecraft and were launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Vandenberg
AFB. They enable relay of voice communications among mobile
telephones located far away from cellular stations. Initial
orbital parameters of all were similar: period 97.4 min, apogee
650 km, perigee 635 km, and inclination 86.6 deg.
USA 136 is an American military spacecraft that was launched
by a Titan-4A rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Station at 02:05 UT.
Also named TRUMPET, it is believed to carry an antenna of the size
of "two football fields".
NAVSTAR 38 (USA 135) is the latest addition to the American GPS
fleet of navigational satellites; see section 2-B for more
information on the fleet. It was launched by a Delta-2 rocket from
Cape Canaveral Air Station at 00:30 UT. Initial orbital parameters
were period 722 min, apogee 20,644 km, perigee 19,923 km, and
inclination 54.9 deg.
Sputnik Jr is a scaled-down but operational replica of the first
Russian Sputnik; it was released from the Progress M36 cargo craft
at 01:30 UT on the anniversary of the first Sputnik launch.
(Progress M36 had been launched on 05 October 1997.) Initial
orbital parameters were period 92.3 min, apogee 392 km, perigee 383
km, and inclination 51.7 deg
1997-066A, 1997-066B, 1997-066C
MAQSAT-H, MAQSAT-B, and YES are the mockup payloads that were
launched by the newly developed Ariane 5 test rocket from Kourou
at 14:43 UT. The fuel got shut off a few seconds before the planned
time, causing the orbits to be lower than planned. Ariane 5 has been
developed with the capability to launch as many as 15 satellites.
Initial orbital parameters of all three were similar: period 468
min, apogee 26,700 km, perigee 540 km, and inclination 7 deg.
DSCS 3 (Defense Satellite Communications System 3) is an American
geosynchronous military spacecraft that was launched by an Atlas 2A
rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Station at 00:46 UT. It is the tenth
member of the DSCS constellation.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies.
The last full list appeared as a part of SPX 520.
The list will reappear only after major updates to the list are available.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. ("NNN" denotes no national name. SPACEWARN
would appreciate suggestions to update this list. An asterisk [*] denotes
changes in this issue.)
High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)
FTP: igscb.jpl.nasa.gov [directory /igscb]
The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
It provides many links to GPS related databases.
The latest member of the GPS fleet is NAVSTAR 43 (1997-035A), launched on 23 July 1997.
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.
Entries marked "*" are updates or additions to the list.)
All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
(nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside
The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.
The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-515. It
will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
maintained by the Coordinational
Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. Additional information is not available.
Designations Common Name 1997
1997-072B (25060) R/B SOYUZ-U 23 Nov
1997-011B (24749) R/B ATLAS 2A 19 Nov
1997-070C (25047) R/B PROTON-K 15 Nov
1995-071A (23748) COSMOS 2326 08 Nov
1997-060B (25007) R/B SOYUZ-U 31 Oct
1997-060A (25006) FOTON 23 Oct
1997-043F (24908) R/B DELTA 2 15 Oct
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
NSSDC/WDC-A-R&S is an archival center for science data from many spacecraft.
Some data are on line for electronic access. Please contact the NSSDC Request Coordination
Code 633, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific
Information on the current
status of the instruments on board from the investigators will be most
welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be FTP'ed from NSSDC's ANON_DIR:[000000.ACTIVE] and its
several subdirectories. (See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the ACTIVE directory named AAREADME.DOC, outlines the contents.)
It can also be accessed via the WWW at:
This URL also enables executing several codes related to the orbits
of many geocentric science payload spacecraft. The codes related to
the heliospheric spacecraft trjectories can be executed through:
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL:
SPACEWARN Bulletin Index
About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
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Questions/comments about the content of these pages should be directed to:
The World Warning Agency for Satellites, firstname.lastname@example.org
National Space Science Data Center, Mail Code 633
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II, email@example.com, +1-301-286-1187
NSSDC, Mail Code 633, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
NASA Official: J. H. King, firstname.lastname@example.org
V1.1: 22 January 1998
Last Updated: 18 July 2011, EVB II