Mars - Mars Global Surveyor

Global view of Mars showing Valles Marineris and the south pole

This view of Mars was created by reconstructing imaging data to correct for distortions and spacecraft motion. The image gives an approximation of what Mars would look like through a wide angle lens at an altitude of 2700 km over 30 S, 70 W. At the top (north) of the image is Valles Marineris, the system of canyons which stretches for over 4000 km. The white area at the bottom of the image is the south polar cap. The image covers about 100 degrees of longitude and latitude with a resolution of 7.4 km. The hazy appearance is due to dust in the atmosphere from a dust storm 3 weeks before the image was taken. The image is false color, created from the blue and red filtered wide angle camera. (Mars Global Surveyor, MRPS86906)
Larger image: 239K

High resolution tiff file (3.5M)

Location & Time Information
Date/Time (UT): 1997-12-13 T 15:21:00
Distance/Range (km): 1330.
Central Latitude/Longitude (deg): -30, 70 W
Orbit(s): 63

Imaging Information
Area or Feature Type: canyon, valles, polar cap, ice
Instrument: Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC)
Instrument Resolution (pixels): 3456 line array, 8-bit
Instrument Field of View (deg): 140.
Filter: red, blue
Illumination Incidence Angle (deg): 37.
Phase Angle (deg): 39.
Instrument Look Direction: N/A
Surface Emission Angle (deg): 10.

Ordering Information
CD-ROM Volume: MGSC_0002 (raw images)
NASA Image ID number: MRPS86906
Other Image ID number:
NSSDC Data Set ID (Photo): XD-12A
NSSDC Data Set ID (CD): 96-062A-01A (raw images)
Other ID: P-49609


[NASA Logo] Authors/Curators:

Dave Williams,, (301) 286-1258
Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

Jay Friedlander,, (301) 286-7172
Code 612.4, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

NASA Official: Dr. David R. Williams,

Last updated: 24 September 2015