Mars - Viking 1 Lander

Viking 1 lander image of martian dune field

This Viking 1 Lander panoramic view covers 100 degrees around the Chryse Planitia landing site at 7:30 a.m. local lander time. The Sun rose about 2 hours before the image was taken and is about 30 degrees above the horizon towards the center of the frame. The low Sun angle highlights details of the dunes. The dunes are similar to those seen on Earth and indicate a wind direction from upper left to lower right. The image was taken with camera 1 on the lander, the object in the middle of the frame is the meteorology boom. The large boulder at the left is about 3 meters across and roughly 8 meters from the spacecraft. The view is towards the east, northeast at the left of the frame to southeast at right. (Viking 1 Lander, P-17430)
Larger image ( 70K)

High resolution tiff file (1.2M)

Location & Time Information
Date/Time (UT): 1976-08-03
Distance/Range (km): 0.01
Central Latitude/Longitude (deg): 022.27 N, 49.97 W
Orbit(s): lander

Imaging Information
Area or Feature Type: lander image, surface
Instrument: Viking Lander Scanning Camera 1
Instrument Resolution (pixels): 512 vertical, 6 bit
Instrument Field of View (deg): 100 x 0.12 (single scan), 100 x 342.5 (max.)
Filter: N/A
Illumination Incidence Angle (deg): N/A
Phase Angle (deg): N/A
Instrument Look Direction: N/A
Surface Emission Angle (deg): 90.

Ordering Information
CD-ROM Volume: N/A
NASA Image ID number: P17430
Other Image ID number: 11A097/014
NSSDC Data Set ID (Photo): 75-075C-06F
NSSDC Data Set ID (CD): N/A
Other ID: N/A


[NASA Logo] Authors/Curators:

Dave Williams,, (301) 286-1258
Code 690.1, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

Jay Friedlander,, (301) 286-7172
Code 612.4, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

NASA Official: Dr. David R. Williams,

Last updated: 24 September 2015