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Availability: Archived at NSSDC, accessible from elsewhere


This description was generated automatically using input from the Planetary Data System.

Data Set Overview ================= This shape model of Phobos is based on 224 Viking Orbiter 1 VIS-A and VIS-B camera images taken in 1976-1978, and eight Phobos 2 VSK images taken in 1989. The shape model was prepared by Robert Gaskell on March 11, 2006. The geometrical coordinate system of this model is defined by the planetary constants file pck00006.tpc, available in PDS from the NAIF node. To find the file in PDS, go to the NAIF SPICE archive at In the table of data links, select the volume FTP link for the Viking Orbiter mission. Within the volume, go to the data/pck directory, and download the desired file (pck00006.tpc). The parameters of the model are as follows: Number of landmarks: 456 Formal position uncertainty: 18 m/component Number of images: 232 Pointing uncertainty: .018 mrad S/C position uncertainty: N/A (positions treated as given) Pointing residuals: (initial pointings treated as unknown) range residuals N/A Number of measurement pairs: 18345 Number of measurements per landmark: 40 RMS LMK location residual: 25 m/component The models were originally prepared in the Implicitly Connected Quadrilateral (ICQ) format. Vertex-facet format versions, derived from the ICQ versions, are also provided. The filenames are and, where 512 is the value of Q (an indicator of the resolution). Files with three selections of lower resolution are also provided for each format, with similar filenames but lower values of q. The file '' is a list of the Viking Orbiter 1 VIS-A and VIS-B camera images and Phobos 2 VSK-FREGAT images used to generate this model. (VSK-FREGAT is a three-channel television camera which flew on the Soviet Phobos 2 mission.) A text file, 'icqmodel.asc' is provided in the 'document' directory which describes the ICQ format and the derivation of the vertex-facet versions.

These data are available on-line from the Planetary Data System (PDS) at:

Alternate Names



  • Planetary Science: Small Bodies

Additional Information



Questions and comments about this data collection can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Dr. Michael H. CarrData ProviderUS Geological
Dr. Carol NeeseGeneral ContactPlanetary Science
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