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Neutron Probe

NSSDCA ID: 1972-096C-13

Mission Name: Apollo 17 Lunar Module /ALSEP
Principal Investigator:Dr. Donald S. Burnett

Description

This lunar neutron probe was designed to measure the rates of low-energy neutron capture as a function of depth in the lunar regolith. The experiment made use of two particle track detection systems. A cellulose triacetate plastic detector was used in conjunction with boron 10 targets to record the alpha particles emitted with the neutron capture on boron 10. The second system used mica detectors to detect the fission fragments from neutron-induced fission in uranium 235 targets. The neutron probe had the form of a rod which yielded an essentially continuous record of the neutron capture rate from the lunar surface down to a depth of 2 m. The probe was activated and deactivated by a rotational motion which brought the target and detector system in and out of alignment. An on-off mechanism was necessary to prevent accumulation of background events produced in flight by neutrons from the ALSEP power generator and from cosmic ray neutrons produced in the spacecraft. Point sources of uranium 238 were included at three positions along the probe to provide fiducial marks to verify that the probe was properly activated. In addition, cadmium absorbers were included in the center and bottom of the probe to obtain a neutron energy spectrum with a threshold of 0.35 eV. Further spectral information was obtained from analyses of krypton 80 and krypton 82 produced by bromide neutron capture in potassium bromide contained in evacuated capsules which were inserted at the top, middle, and bottom of the probe. The experiment performed normally from acitvation on December 12, 1972 to termination at the end of the third EVA on December 13, 1972. Results are published in 'The moon,' vol 12, pp 231-250, 1975. There were no unpublished data from this experiment appropriate for submission to NSSDC.

Alternate Names

  • Apollo17ALSEP/NeutronProbe
  • S229

Facts in Brief

Mass: 2.27 kg

Funding Agency

  • NASA-Office of Manned Space Flight (United States)

Discipline

  • Planetary Science: Geology and Geophysics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this experiment can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams

 

Personnel

NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Dr. Donald S. BurnettPrincipal InvestigatorCalifornia Institute of Technologyburnett@gps.caltech.edu

Selected References

  • Woolum, D. S., et al., Lunar neutron probe experiment, in Apollo 17 Pre. Sci. Rept., NASA SP-330, 18-1 18-2, Wash., D.C., 1973.
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