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Cosmic-Ray Particles

NSSDCA ID: 1974-097A-07

Mission Name: Helios-A
Principal Investigator:Dr. Horst W. Kunow


The objective of the experiment (E6) was to study high-energy, charged, cosmic-ray particles of solar, planetary, and galactic origin in interplanetary space. Protons and alpha particles with energies >1.3 MeV/nucleon, and electrons >0.3 MeV were measured within interplanetary space over the range from 0.3 to 1.0 AU. The instrument, a particle telescope with a 55-deg field of view, consisted of five semiconductor detectors, one sapphire Cerenkov counter, and one scintillation counter, all enclosed by an anticoincidence cylinder. The telescope was calibrated prior to launch using radioactive sources, particle accelerators, and ground-level muons. It measured protons and alpha particles in six channels (1.3-3.3, 3.3-13, 13-27, 27-37, 37-45, and >45 MeV/nucleon) and electrons in five energy channels (0.3-0.8, 0.8-2, 2-3, 3-4, and >4 MeV). For more detail see pp. 253-257 of Raumfahrtforschung, v. 19, n. 5, 1975.

Alternate Names

  • Cosmic Ray Particles
  • Helios-A/Cosmic-RayParticles

Facts in Brief

Mass: 6.8 kg
Power (avg): 8.8 W

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Federal Republic of Germany)


  • Astronomy: Cosmic Ray
  • Space Physics: Heliospheric Studies

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this experiment can be directed to: Dr. H. Kent Hills



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Dr. Manfred WitteOther InvestigatorMax-Planck-Institut fur
Prof. Gerd H. WibberenzOther InvestigatorUniversitat
Dr. Gunter GreenOther InvestigatorUniversitat
Mr. H. HempeOther InvestigatorUniversitat Kiel
Dr. Reinhold Mueller-MellinOther InvestigatorUniversitat
Dr. Horst W. KunowPrincipal InvestigatorUniversitat
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