NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive Header

Radio Science (RSS)

NSSDCA ID: 1977-084A-02

Mission Name: Voyager 1
Principal Investigator:Prof. G. Leonard Tyler


The Radio Science Team used the telecommunications system of the Voyager spacecraft to perform its studies. The system was a coherent S- and X-band downlink and an S-band uplink. The science objectives of the radio science investigation were (1) to determine the physical properties of planetary and satellite ionospheres and atmospheres by examining the propagation effects on a dual-frequency radio signal during immersion and emersion of spacecraft occultation by the subject body, (2) to determine planetary and satellite masses, gravity fields, and densities by precise tracking of a dual-frequency radio signal from the spacecraft during the encounter period, and (3) to determine the amount and size distribution of material in Saturn's rings and the ring dimensions by examining the propagation effects on a dual-frequency radio signal that passed through each ring in succession, and through the gap between the C ring and Saturn's surface.

Alternate Names

  • RSS
  • Voyager1/RSS
  • urn:nasa:pds:context:instrument:vg1.rss

Facts in Brief

Mass: 44 kg

Funding Agency

  • NASA-Office of Space Science (United States)


  • Planetary Science: Atmospheres
  • Planetary Science: Small Bodies
  • Planetary Science: Celestial Mechanics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this experiment can be directed to: Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Prof. G. Leonard TylerTeam LeaderStanford
Dr. Thomas A. CroftTeam MemberSRI
Dr. John D. AndersonTeam MemberNASA Jet Propulsion
Prof. Von R. EshlemanTeam MemberStanford
Mr. Gerald S. LevyTeam MemberNASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Dr. Gunnar F. LindalTeam MemberNASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Mr. G. E. WoodTeam MemberNASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Selected References

  • Marouf, E. A., et al., Profiling Saturn's rings by radio occultation, Icarus, 68, No. 1, 120-166, doi:10.1016/0019-1035(86)90078-3, Oct. 1986.
  • Tyler, G. L., et al., Radio occultation of Jupiter's ring: Bounds on optical depth and particle size and a comparison with infrared and optical results, J. Geophys. Res., 86, No. A10, 8699-8703, doi:10.1029/JA086iA10p08699, Sept. 1981.
  • Lindal, G. F., et al., The atmosphere of Jupiter: An analysis of the Voyager radio occultation measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 86, No. A10, 8721-8727, doi:10.1029/JA086iA10p08721, Sept. 1981.
  • Eshleman, V. R., et al., Radio science with Voyager 1 at Jupiter: Preliminary profiles of the atmosphere and ionosphere, Science, 204, No. 4396, 976-978, doi:10.1126/science.204.4396.976, June 1979.
  • Eshleman, V. R., et al., Radio science investigations with Voyager, Space Sci. Rev., 21, No. 2, 207-232, doi:10.1007/BF00200851, Nov. 1977.
[] NASA Logo -