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Drill and Surface Sampler

NSSDCA ID: 1981-106D-08

Mission Name: Venera 13 Descent Craft


The Venera lander was equipped with a drill and soil sampling device attached to the outside of the lander body. The drill was deployed near the base of the lander. After drilling was completed a few grams of material would be placed inside the airlock for examination by the X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. In addition, information on the speed and movement of the drilling rig, depth of drill penetration, and magnitude of current consumed by the electric motor during drilling were recorded and used to determine the physical and mechanical properties of the surface. The results showed that the surface characteristics correspond to compacted ash material such as volcanic tuff.

The image shows a model of the Venera 13 soil analyzer at the Moskva Kosmicheskaya. Courtesy of Alexander Chernov and the Virtual Space Museum -

Alternate Names

  • Venera13DescentCraft/DrillandSurfaceSampler

Funding Agency

  • Russian Academy of Sciences (U.S.S.R)


  • Planetary Science: Geology and Geophysics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this experiment can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams



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