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Measurement of Low-Energy Protons and Electrons

NSSDC ID: 1973-078A-04
Mission Name: IMP-J
Principal Investigator: Prof. Louis A. Frank


This experiment was designed to measure the energy spectra of low-energy electrons and protons in the geocentric range of 30 to 40 earth radii to give further data on geomagnetic storms, aurora, tail and neutral sheet, and other magnetospheric phenomena. The detector was a dual-channel, curved-plate electrostatic analyzer (LEPEDEA - low energy proton and electron differential energy analyzer) with 16 energy intervals between 5 eV and 50 keV. It had an angular field of view of 9 deg by 25 deg. The detector could be operated in one of two modes: (1) one providing good angular resolution (16 directions for each particle energy band) once each 272 s, and (2) the other providing good temporal resolution in which the entire energy range in four directions was measured every 68 s. For further details see L. A. Frank et al., J. Geophys. Res., v. 81, p. 5859, 1976.

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (United States)


  • Space Physics: Magnetospheric Studies

Additional Information

Questions or comments about this experiment can be directed to: Dr. H. Kent Hills.



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Prof. Louis A. FrankPrincipal InvestigatorUniversity of
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