NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive Header

Echo 1



The Echo 1 spacecraft was a 30.48-m-diameter balloon of mylar polyester film 0.5 mil (0.0127 mm) thick. The spacecraft was designed as a passive communications reflector for transcontinental and intercontinental telephone (voice), radio, and television signals. It had 107.9-MHz beacon transmitters for telemetry purposes. These transmitters were powered by five nickel-cadmium batteries that were charged by 70 solar cells mounted on the balloon. Because of the large area-to-mass ratio of the spacecraft, data for the calculation of atmospheric density and solar pressure could be acquired. The spacecraft was also used to evaluate the technical feasibility of satellite triangulation during the latter portion of its life. The spacecraft re-entered the atmosphere on 24 May 1968.

Alternate Names

  • 00049
  • 1960 Iota 1
  • A 11
  • Echo1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1960-08-12
Launch Vehicle: Thor-Delta
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Mass: 180 kg

Funding Agency

  • NASA-Office of Space Science Applications (United States)


  • Communications
  • Engineering
  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Mr. Robert J. Mackey, Jr.Project ManagerNASA Goddard Space Flight Center
[] NASA Logo -