NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive Header

Injun 1



The satellite Injun 1 was the first of a series of spacecraft designed and built by the University of Iowa to study the natural and artificial trapped radiation belts, auroras and airglow, and other geophysical phenomena. Injun 1 was launched simultaneously with Transit 4A and Greb 3. Transit 4A successfully separated from Injun 1, but Greb 3 did not. Injun 1 was designed to be magnetically aligned. However, due to the presence of Greb 3 (which blocked the view of the photometer), it was impossible to keep the satellite constantly oriented on the terrestrial magnetic field throughout an orbit. A single axis fluxgate magnetometer was used to monitor the orientation of the spacecraft with respect to the local magnetic field. Injun 1 had a complex spin-and-tumble motion with an ill-defined and variable period of several minutes. The satellite sent back radiation data until March 6, 1963, and is expected to be in orbit for about 900 yr.

Alternate Names

  • 1961 Omicron 2
  • 00117
  • SOLRAD 3
  • Injun-SR-3
  • GREB 3
  • Injun1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1961-06-29
Launch Vehicle: Thor
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Mass: 16 kg

Funding Agencies

  • University of Iowa (United States)
  • Department of Defense-Department of the Navy (United States)


  • Space Physics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Dr. H. Kent Hills



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Prof. James A. Van AllenProject ManagerUniversity of Iowa
Dr. Brian J. O'BrienProject ScientistDepartment of Environmental
[] NASA Logo -