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Luna 14



The Luna 14 spacecraft entered a 160 x 870 km lunar orbit with an inclination of 42 degrees at 19:25 UT on April 10, 1968. The spacecraft is believed to have been similar to Luna 12 and the instrumentation was similar to that carried by Luna 10. It provided data for studies of the interaction of the earth and lunar masses, the lunar gravitational field, the propagation and stability of radio communications to the spacecraft at different orbital positions, solar charged particles and cosmic rays, and the motion of the Moon. The spacecraft operated for about 75 days and would have impacted the Moon some time later, although the date and location of impact are unknown. This flight was the final flight of the second generation of the Luna series.

Spacecraft image for illustrative purposes - not necessarily in the public domain.

Alternate Names

  • Lunik 14
  • 03178
  • Luna14

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1968-04-07
Launch Vehicle: Modified SS-6 (Sapwood) with 2nd Generation Upper Stage + Escape Stage
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 1700 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Planetary Science
  • Space Physics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Dr. David R. Williams



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Mr. Artem IvankovGeneral ContactLavochkin

Selected References

  • Harvey, B., The new Russian space programme from competition to collaboration, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England, 1996.
  • Johnson, N. L., Handbook of soviet lunar and planetary exploration - volume 47 science and technology series, Amer. Astronau. Soc. Publ., 1979.
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