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The NATO 1 satellite was placed in a geostationary orbit over the mid-Atlantic ocean. The NATO Satellite Communications System provided immediate communications links between officials of the various NATO nations. As of 1998, one NATO 3 and two NATO 4 satellites orbit the earth at an altitude of more than 23,000 miles. The satellites are ultra-high, super-high, and extremely-high frequency systems capable of providing secure voice and fax services. The systems provide communications for officials in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, England, Germany, Iceland and Italy. The US, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Turkey also use the system. NATO can simultaneously accomodate hundreds of NATO users. Members of an Air Force Space Command unit provided command and control for the NATO system.

Alternate Names

  • 04353
  • NATO-A
  • NATO1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1970-03-20
Launch Vehicle: Delta
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Mass: 243 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (United States)


  • Communications

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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