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Intercosmos 8



This spacecraft was a follow-on to Intercosmos 2, but was intended for higher latitudes. It was designed to obtain data on: (1) the concentration of electrons and positive ions in the immediate vicinity of the spacecraft while in orbit; (2) the electron temperature and the total electron column concentration (between the satellite and the earth's surface) at various points in flight; and, (3) particle streams of electrons with energies >40 KeV and protons with energies >1 MeV. The spacecraft contained a Bulgarian-made ion trap as well as sensing and measuring equipment made in East Germany and Czechoslovakia. The majority of on-board equipment was Soviet.

Alternate Names

  • IK- 8
  • 06291
  • Intercosmos8

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1972-11-30
Launch Vehicle: Modified SS-4 (Sandal IRBM) plus Upper Stage
Launch Site: Plesetsk, U.S.S.R
Mass: 340 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Space Physics

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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