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Palapa 1



Palapa A1 and A2 were the initial elements of Indonesia's domestic communications satellite system. The spacecraft were identical to Canada's Anik and Western Union's Wasters except for a modified parabolic reflector, enlarged to give maximum illumination of the Indonesian land mass. Operational lives for Palapa A1 and A2 ended June 1985 and January 1988, respectively. The spacecraft were based on the Hughes HS-333 design. 1.5 m diameter parabolic reflector with 12 transponders worked through 125 Earth stations. They were spin stabilized with despun antenna and feeds. Both satellites provided 4000 voice circuits or 12 simultaneous TV channels to the countrys 6000+ inhabited islands.

Alternate Names

  • 09009
  • Indonesia-A
  • Nusantara-A
  • Palapa-A
  • Palapa1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1976-07-08
Launch Vehicle: Delta
Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States
Mass: 300 kg

Funding Agencies

  • Unknown (Indonesia)
  • Dijen-Postel (United States)


  • Communications

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Mr. Robert J. GossProject ManagerNASA Goddard Space Flight Center
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