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Ekran 1



Ekran 1 was a Soviet communications satellite launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Proton 8K82K/Block DM rocket. It transmitted color and black-and-white USSR central television programs to the network of public receiving units located in population centers in Siberia and the Far North. The single-unit body was equipped with solar panels, and active liquid-gas phase-change thermoregulation system, and a corrective engine unit for making orbital adjustments. Twenty-five square metres of solar panels provided 1280 W of power.

Alternate Names

  • Statsionar T
  • 09503
  • Ekran1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1976-10-26
Launch Vehicle: Proton Booster Plus Upper Stage and Escape Stages
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 1970 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Communications

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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