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The Geostationary Meteorological Satellites (GMS) were Japan's contribution to the international Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP). The spacecraft was roughly cylindrical with a height of 345 cm and a diameter of 216 cm. The cylindrical surface was covered with solar cells which provided 225 W. The satellite was spin-stabilized with a despun earth-pointing antenna. The satellite was positioned near 140 deg E and was designed to operate for 5 years. This was a follow-on GMS type spacecraft launched and controlled by NASDA of Japan. The spacecraft was turned off in September 1984.

Alternate Names

  • 12677
  • GMS2
  • Geostation Meteoro Sat 2
  • Himawari 2

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1981-08-10
Launch Vehicle: N-2
Launch Site: Tanegashima, Japan
Mass: 653 kg

Funding Agency

  • National Space Development Agency (NASDA) (Japan)


  • Space Physics
  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Dr. Nobuhiko KodairaProject ManagerMeteorological Satellite Center
Project ScientistJapanese Meteorological Agency
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