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Bhaskara 2



Bhaskara 2 was launched as part of India's Satellite-for-Earth-Observations (SEO) program. It was placed in orbit by a Soviet vehicle launched from a Cosmodrome in the U.S.S.R. The main objectives were to conduct earth observation experiments for applications related to hydrology, forestry, and geology using a two-TV-camera system, and to conduct ocean-surface studies using a three-frequency satellite microwave radiometer (SAMIR) system. Secondary objectives were to test engineering and data processing systems, and to collect limited meteorological data from remote platforms. Bhaskara 2 was a 26-faced quasi-spherical polyhedron. It had a height of 1.66 m, and a diameter of 1.55 m. The satellite was named after the two "Bhaskaracharyas," astronomer-mathematicians of ancient India. Information and data are available from the Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad, India.

Alternate Names

  • 12968
  • Bhaskara2
  • SEO 2
  • Sat. for Earth Obs. 2

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1981-11-20
Launch Vehicle: Modified SS-5 (SKean IRBM) plus Upper Stage
Launch Site: Kapustin Yar, U.S.S.R
Mass: 444 kg

Funding Agency

  • Indian Space Research Organization (India)


  • Engineering
  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office



NameRoleOriginal AffiliationE-mail
Dr. K. KasturiranganProject DirectorISRO Satellite
Mr. Om P. N. CallaProject ScientistSpace Applications Center
Prof. Udipi Ramachandra RaoProgram ManagerISRO Satellite
Dr. G. JosephProject ScientistSpace Applications Center
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