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Bion 8



Bion 8 (Cosmos 1887) carried scientific instruments for continuing research into the effects of spaceflight on monkeys and other biological objects, radiation safety, and physics. Research and experiments were also carried out, within the framework of international cooperation, on the study and use of space for peaceful purposes. Taking part in the experiment were scientists from the Hungarian People's Republic, German Democratic Republic, Polish People's Republic, Romanian Socialist Republic, Czechoslovakian Soviet Socialist Republic, United States, France, and European Space Agency. The mission ended after 13 days.

The spacecraft was based on the Zenit reconnaissance satellite and launches began in 1973 with primary emphasis on the problems of radiation effects on human beings. Launches in the program included Cosmos 110, 605, 670, 782, plus Nauka modules flown on Zenit-2M reconnaissance satellites. 90 kg of equipment could be contained in the external Nauka module.

Alternate Names

  • 18380
  • Biocosmos 8
  • Bion8
  • Cosmos 1887

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1987-09-29
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz
Launch Site: Plesetsk, U.S.S.R
Mass: 6700 kg

Funding Agencies

  • Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow (U.S.S.R)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (United States)


  • Life Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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