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Ofeq 1



Ofeq 1 (Horizon 1) was an experimental satellite launched by Israel to demonstrate its capability to launch small satellites. Launch was from a site in the Negev desert. The spacecraft operated successfully for nearly four months, until re-entry on January 14, 1989. Solar panels provided a power capability of 246 watts, but the average power consumption of the spacecraft was 53 watts. Spin period was one second. Telemetry was in the S-band, at 2.5 kbits/sec. This launch on a Shavit booster made Israel the eighth nation to launch a satellite on its own rocket.

Alternate Names

  • 19519
  • Horizon 1
  • Ofeq1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1988-09-19
Launch Vehicle: Shavit
Launch Site: Palmahim, Israel
Mass: 157 kg

Funding Agency

  • Israeli Space Agency (Israel)


  • Engineering

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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