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Cosmos 2031



Cosmos 2031 was the first of the sixth generation photo reconnaisance satellites launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome using the Soyuz-U2 launch vehicle, which had otherwise been restricted to supporting Soyuz-TM and Progress-M missions. The spacecraft was inserted into an orbital inclination of 50.5 degrees with mean operational altitudes normally between 240 and 260 km. The sixth generation spacecraft, believed to carry both film return capsules and digital transmission capabilities, have only flown six times; once each year during 1989-1993 and once in 1997.

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1989-07-18
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 6500 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Surveillance and Other Military

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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