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Cosmos 2078



Cosmos 2078 was a Soviet military cartography satellite launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz 11 rocket.

It was used for topographic mapping for the Army General Staff. The Yantar-1KFT was equipped with the TK-350 topographic camera, which has a focal length of 350 mm, with photo negative size of 300 x 450 mm, covering an area of 200 x 300 km with a resolution of 10 m and a scale of 1:660,000. The camera was designed for exceptional geometric precision for cartographic purposes and each image overlaps the next by 60% to 80% to allow stereoscopic pairs to be made. Closeup images were made by the KVR-1000 camera with a focal length of 1000 mm, a negative size of 180 x 180 mm covering an area of 40 km x 40 km at 1:50,000 scale and 2 m resolution.

Alternate Names

  • 20615
  • Cosmos2078

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1990-05-15
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 6600 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Surveillance and Other Military

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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