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Soyuz-TM 10



Soyuz TM-10, with two cosmonauts aboard, was launched by the USSR and docked with the orbiting station Mir on August 3, 1990. This egg-shaped orbital module weighs approximately one metric tone, houses life support equipment and consumables and provides some crew space in addition to the descent module. The forward end of the orbital module could be configured for a variety of different missions and the end is connected to the descent/command module.

The bell-shaped descent module could be configured for a crew of one, two or three members. The reentry capsule was designed with aerodynamic capabilities for precision landings at preselected locations. Deorbit and recovery were usually conducted at a force of three to four G's, but emergency ballistic reentries up to 10 G's were possible.

The cylindric-shaped instrument module provided maneuver, attitude and thermal control. Electric power on all but two Soyuz variants was generated by two sets of rectangular solar panels attached to, and deployed at right angles from the instrument module. This component also contained the retrorocket engines (two 400-kilogram-thrust liquid fuel system) that deorbit the craft or change its orbital parameters

Alternate Names

  • 20722
  • SoyuzTM-10

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1990-08-01
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 7150 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Human Crew

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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