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Soyuz-TM 13



A crew representing Austria, the Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Soviet states, was lofted to Mir aboard Soyuz TM-13. Austrian Franz Viehbock and Kazakh Toktar Aubakirov were paying passengers. Aubakirov, from the home of the Tyuratam launch site, was the first commercial cosmonaut from inside the USSR. Commander Aleksander Volkov, a Ukranian living in Moscow, would reside on Mir for the next few months. Viehbock and Aubakirov spent their 6-day visit completing a rigorous slate of medical, biological and technical experiments. Each also made photo surveys of their respective lands. The researchers returned to earth October 10, joining Anatoli Artsebarski aboard Soyuz TM-12. Both had logged 7 days, 22 hrs, 13 mns in space. Volkov remained at Mir with veteran Sergei Krikalev. On October 15, the team tested the Kvant port docking antenna during a 1-hr, 44-mn flight around the station aboard TM-13. Progress M-10 arrived October 21, docking two days after an initial rendezvous was aborted by a computer malfunction. In contrast to the daily upheavals that were shattering the Soviet Union, the Mir flight remained markedly routine. The cosmonauts devoted their working hours to astrophysical and geophysical experiments, medical studies and smelting operations.

Alternate Names

  • 21735
  • SoyuzTM-13

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1991-10-02
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), U.S.S.R
Mass: 6150 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (U.S.S.R)


  • Human Crew

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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