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Bion 10



Bion 10 (Cosmos 2229), a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz rocket from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. It carried two monkeys and several insects, amphibians, plants, and cell cultures. Participating scientists were from nine countries and ESA.

The spacecraft was based on the Zenit reconnaissance satellite and launches began in 1973 with primary emphasis on the problems of radiation effects on human beings. Launches in the program included Cosmos 110, 605, 670, 782, plus Nauka modules flown on Zenit-2M reconnaissance satellites. 90 kg of equipment could be contained in the external Nauka module.

Alternate Names

  • 22300
  • Biocosmos 10
  • Bion10
  • Cosmos 2229

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1992-12-29
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U
Launch Site: Plesetsk, Russia
Mass: 6000 kg

Funding Agency

  • Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow (U.S.S.R)


  • Life Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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