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Gals 1



Gals 1, a Russian television-relay, geostationary spacecraft, was launched from the Bayknour cosmodrome by a Proton rocket. It utilized a new, modernized MSS-2500 class bus with greater electrical power, higher precision station-keeping capabilities (including north-south station-keeping), and a longer life (design lifetime is 57 years). It was designed to support a variety of direct broadcast customers, including professional broad-casting firms (receiving antenna 2.5 m in diameter), communal associations (receiving antenna 1.5 m), and individuals (receiving antenna 0.6-0.9 m). Two solar arrays with a total power of 2.4 kW support three Ku-band transponders (one 40 W and two 80 W). The spacecraft bus measured 4.1 m by 6.6 m with a 21-m span across the solar arrays. Initial parking was 90 deg E, and the spacecraft will be moved to the long-term position at 44 deg E.

Alternate Names

  • 22963
  • Gals1

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1994-01-20
Launch Vehicle: Proton
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan
Mass: 2500 kg

Funding Agency

  • Unknown (Russia)


  • Communications

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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