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Electro was a Russian geostationary weather spacecraft launched from the Baykonur Cosmodrome by a Proton rocket. It was the long awaited debut of the Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite (GOMS) system of spacecraft. The objectives of the program were as follows: to acquire, in real time, television images of the Earth surface and cloud within a radius of 60 degrees centered at the sub-satellite point in the visible and IR regions of the spectrum; to measure temperature profiles of the Earth surface (land and ocean) as well as cloud cover; to measure radiation state and magnetic field of the space environment at the geostationary orbital altitude; to transmit via digital radio channels television images, temperature and radiation and magnetometric information to the main and regional data receiving and processing centers; to acquire the information from Soviet and international data collection platforms (DCPs), located in the GOMS radio visibility, and to transmit to obtained information to the main and regional data and processing centers; to retransmit to processed meteorological data in the form of facsimile of alphanumerical information from the receiving and processing centers to the independent receiving stations via satellites; to provide the exchange of high-speed digital data (retransmissions via the satellite) between the main and regional centers of the Russian State Committee for Hydrometeorology; and to call for the data collection platforms to transmit the information to the satellite. The GOMS network will eventually consist of three spacecraft spaced 90 degrees apart in the geostationary ring; at 14 deg W, 76 deg E, and 166 deg E. Each 2.6-metric-ton spacecraft will have a payload capacity of 650-900 kg with an estimated operational lifetime of at least three years. The satellites will be 3-axis-stabilized and receive a maximum of 1.5 kW (900W for the payload) produced by two rectangular solar arrays. Twelve communications channels will link the spacecraft to the receiving and processing centers, the independent data receiving center, and the data collection platforms. The main data receiving and processing center is in the Moscow region while two regional centers are located in Tashkent and Khaborovsk.

Alternate Names

  • 23327
  • GOMS

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1994-10-31
Launch Vehicle: Proton
Launch Site: Tyuratam (Baikonur Cosmodrome), Kazakhstan
Mass: 2850 kg

Funding Agency

  • Soviet Hydrometeorological Service (Russia)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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