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Bion 11



Bion 11 was a Russia biological research satellite launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz rocket. It carried two monkeys named Lalik and Multik.

The spacecraft was based on the Zenit reconnaissance satellite and launches began in 1973 with primary emphasis on the problems of radiation effects on human beings. Launches in the program included Cosmos 110, 605, 670, 782, plus Nauka modules flown on Zenit-2M reconnaissance satellites. 90 kg of equipment could be contained in the external Nauka module.

Alternate Names

  • 24701
  • Bion11

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 1996-12-24
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U
Launch Site: Plesetsk, Russia

Funding Agency

  • Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow (Russia)


  • Life Science
  • Microgravity

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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