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MSG 2 (Meteosat Second Generation 2) is a European (ESA) geostationary weather satellite, with operational control by the EUMETSAT organization. It was launched by an Ariane 5G rocket from Kourou at 22:33 UT on 21 December 2005. The two tonne, spin-stabilized craft carries two main instruments. SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager) will provide images taken in four visible and eight infrared channels every 15 minutes, at a resolution of 1 km in visible light and 3 km in infrared. GERB (Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget) will monitor the energy balance between the incoming solar flux, and the outgoing infrared radiation. The craft will be renamed Meteosat 9 when it becomes operational in June 2006, after parking over 0.0° longitude. (There have been eight Meteosats in the first generation Meteosat series)

Alternate Names

  • 28912
  • MSG2
  • Meteosat 9
  • Meteosat Second Generation 2

Facts in Brief

Launch Date: 2005-12-21
Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS
Launch Site: Kourou, French Guiana
Mass: 2000 kg

Funding Agency

  • EUMETSAT (International)


  • Earth Science

Additional Information

Questions and comments about this spacecraft can be directed to: Coordinated Request and User Support Office

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